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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Movement patterns of reef predators in a small isolated Marine Protected Area with implications for resource management

Alexander Filous, Alan Friedlander, Barrett Wolfe, Kostantinos Stamoulis, Stephen Scherrer, Adam Wong, Kristy Stone, Russell Sparks

ABSTRACT Reef predators play a critical role in maintaining the balance of marine ecosystems and are an important component of Hawaiis recreational and commercial fisheries. In response to the increasing anthropogenic demands on these populations ac...

Marine Biology
Published: Tuesday, November 22, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

So long and thanks for all the fish: overexploitation of the regionally endemic Galapagos Grouper Mycteroperca olfax (Jenyns, 1840)

Paolo Usseglio, Alan M. Friedlander, Haruko Koike, Johanna Zimmerhackel, Anna Schuhbauer, Tyler Eddy, Pelayo Salinas-de-Le_n

ABSTRACT The regionally endemic Galapagos Grouper, locally known as bacalao, is one of the most highly prized finfish species within the Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR). Concerns of overfishing, coupled with a lack of fishing regulations aimed at thi...

Plos One
Published: Tuesday, October 25, 2016

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Exploring the Marine Ecosystems of Niue Island and Beveridge Reef

Friedlander AM, Arribas J, Ballesteros E, Betz J, Bosserelle P, Brown E, Caselle JE, Cramp JE, Gataua L, Helagi N, Mayorga J, McAloney D, Myers D, Pasisi B, Richmond’Rex A, Rose P, Salinas-de-León P, San Félix M, Thompson C, Turchik A, Sala E

National Geographic Pristine Seas, in collaboration with the government of Niue, Oceans 5, and the Pacific Community, conducted an 18-day expedition to Niue in October 2016 to perform comprehensive quantitative surveys ...

Published: Saturday, October 1, 2016

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Co-operation between large-scale MPAs: successfulexperiences from the Pacific Ocean.

Friedlander AM, Wagner D, Gymer CH, Aulani Wilhelm T, Lewis Naia, Brooke S, Kikiloi K, Varmer O.

ABSTRACT Nations have recently committed to protecting 2030% of the ocean at various global summits; however, marine protected areas currently cover <3% of the ocean. Large-scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs, >100 000 km2) are a new concept in glo...

Aquatic Conservation
Published: Tuesday, September 6, 2016

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

L'atoll de Clipperton (Île de la Passion): Biodiversité, menaces, et recommandations pour sa conservation

Christian Jost, Alan Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Eric Brown, Jenn Caselle, Brad Henning, Mauricio Hoyos, Pelayo Salinas de León, Paul Rose, Chris Thompson, Enric Sala

Clipperton, l’île de La Passion, est le seul atoll corallien et territoire français du Pacifique oriental et l’une des îles les plus isolées au monde. Au regard des constats faits lors d’une mission National Geographic Pristine Seas de mars 2016 et d...

Published: Tuesday, August 30, 2016

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

L'atoll de Clipperton (_le de la Passion): Biodiversit, menaces, et recommandations pour sa conservation

Christian Jost, Alan Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Eric Brown, Jenn Caselle, Brad Henning, Mauricio Hoyos, Pelayo Salinas de Le_n, Paul Rose, Chris Thompson, Enric Sala

Clipperton lle de La Passion est le seul atoll corallien et territoire franais du Pacifique oriental et lune des les les plus isoles au monde. Au regard des constats faits lors dune mission National Geographic Pristine Seas de mars 2016 et de ceux ...

Published: Tuesday, August 30, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Fish banks:An economic model to scale marine conservation.

Sala E, Costello C, De Bourbon Parme J, Fiorese M, Heal G, Kelleher K, Moffitt R, Morgan L, Plunkett J, Rechberger KD, Rosenberg AA, Sumaila R.

ABSTRACT Only 2.1% of the ocean is in actively managed marine protected areas (MPAs). Achieving the United Nations' target of 10% of the ocean protected by 2020 will require an aggressively implemented mix of large MPAs in remote areas, and small MP...

Marine Policy
Published: Sunday, July 31, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Marine reserves lag behind wilderness in the conservation of key functional roles

D'agata S, Mouillot D, Wantiez L, Friedlander A, Kulbicki M, Vigliola L

ABSTRACT Although marine reserves represent one of the most effective management responses to human impacts, their capacity to sustain the same diversity of species, functional roles and biomass of reef fishes as wilderness areas remains questionabl...

Nature Communications
Published: Wednesday, June 29, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Bright spots among the worlds coral reefs

Joshua E. Cinner, Cindy Huchery, M. Aaron MacNeil, Nicholas A.J. Graham, Tim R. McClanahan, Joseph Maina, Eva Maire, John N. Kittinger, Christina C. Hicks, Camilo Mora, Edward H. Allison, Stephanie DAgata, Andrew Hoey, David A. Feary, Larry Crowder, Ivor D. Williams, Michel Kulbicki, Laurent Vigliola, Laurent Wantiez, Graham Edgar, Rick D. Stuart-Smith, Stuart A. Sandin, Alison L. Green, Marah J. Hardt, Maria Beger, Alan Friedlander, Stuart J. Campbell, Katherine E. Holmes, Shaun K. Wilson, Eran Brokovich, Andrew J. Brooks, Juan J. Cruz-Motta, David J. Booth, Pascale Chabanet, Charlie Gough, Mark Tupper, Sebastian C. A. Ferse, U. Rashid Sumaila, David Mouillot

ABSTRACT Ongoing declines in the structure and function of the worlds coral reefs1, 2 require novel approaches to sustain these ecosystems and the millions of people who depend on them3. A presently unexplored approach that draws on theory and pract...

Nature
Published: Wednesday, June 15, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of gear restriction on the abundance of juvenile fishes along sandy beaches in Hawaii

Mary K. Donovan, Alan M. Friedlander, Paolo Usseglio, Whitney Goodell, Ily Iglesias, Eva M. Schemmel, Kostantinos A. Stamoulis, Alexander Filous, Jonatha Giddens, Keith Kamikawa, Haruko Koike, Kaylyn McCoy, Christopher B. Wall

ABSTRACT In 2007, due to growing concerns of declines in nearshore fisheries in Hawaii, a ban on gillnets was implemented in designated areas around the island of Oahu in the main Hawaiian Islands. Utilizing a 17 year time-series of juvenile fish ab...

Plos One
Published: Thursday, May 12, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Largest global shark biomass found in the northern Galpagos Islands of Darwin and Wolf

Pelayo Salinas de Le_n, David Acua-Marrero, Etienne Rastoin, Alan M. Friedlander, Mary K. Donovan, Enric Sala

ABSTRACT Overfishing has dramatically depleted sharks and other large predatory fishes worldwide except for a few remote and/or well-protected areas. The islands of Darwin and Wolf in the far north of the Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR) are known for...

Peerj
Published: Tuesday, May 10, 2016

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Health of Ilhas Selvagens, Portugal

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Clemente S, Estep A, Gonçalves EJ, Rose P, Shepard M, Thompson C, Meeuwig JJ, Sala E

The marine environment of the Ilhas Selvagens of Portugal, located between Madeira and the Canary Islands, is little known. In September 2015, National Geographic Pristine Seas, in conjunction with the Instituto Univers...

Published: Sunday, May 1, 2016

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Reproductive life history of the introduced peacock grouper Cephalopholis argus in Hawaii

Schemmel E, Donovan M, Wiggins C, Anzivino M, Friedlander A.

ABSTRACT This research investigated the reproductive biology (sex ratio, hermaphroditic pattern, size and age at maturity) of Cephalopholis argus, known locally in Hawaii by its Tahitian name roi. The results suggest that C. argus exhibits monandric...

Journal Of Fish Biology
Published: Wednesday, April 13, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The structure and diversity of freshwater diatom assemblages from Franz Josef Land Archipelago: a northern outpost for freshwater diatoms

Sergi Pla-Rabs, Paul B. Hamilton, Enric Ballesteros, Maria Gavrilo, Alan M. Friedlander, Enric Sala

ABSTRACT We examined diatom assemblages from 18 stream and pond samples in the Franz Josef Land Archipelago (FJL), the most northern land of Eurasia. More than 216 taxa were observed, revealing a rich circumpolar diatom flora, including many undescr...

Peerj
Published: Thursday, February 18, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Near-island biological hotspots in barren ocean basins

Jamison M. Gove, Margaret A. McManus, Anna B. Neuheimer, Jeffrey J. Polovina, Jeffrey C. Drazen, Craig R. Smith, Mark A. Merrifield, Alan M. Friedlander, Julia S. Ehses, Charles W. Young, Amanda K. Dillon & Gareth J. Williams

Phytoplankton production drives marine ecosystem trophic-structure and global fisheries yields. Phytoplankton biomass is particularly influential near coral reef islands and atolls that span the oligotrophic tropical oceans. The paradoxical enhanceme...

Nature Communications
Published: Tuesday, February 16, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Humans and seasonal climate variability threaten large-bodied coral reef fish with small ranges

C. Mellin, D. Mouillot, M. Kulbicki, T. R. McClanahan, L. Vigliola, C. J. A. Bradshaw, R. E. Brainard, P. Chabanet, G. J. Edgar, D. A. Fordham, A. M. Friedlander, V. Parravicini, A. M. M. Sequeira, R. D. Stuart-Smith, L. Wantiez & M. J. Caley

ABSTRACT Coral reefs are among the most species-rich and threatened ecosystems on Earth, yet the extent to which human stressors determine species occurrences, compared with biogeography or environmental conditions, remains largely unknown. With eve...

Nature Communications
Published: Wednesday, February 3, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Energetic and ecological constraints on population density of reef fishes

D. R. Barneche, M. Kulbicki, S. R. Floeter, A. M. Friedlander, A. P. Allen

ABSTRACT Population ecology has classically focused on pairwise species interactions, hindering the description of general patterns and processes of population abundance at large spatial scales. Here we use the metabolic theory of ecology as a frame...

Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of Biology
Published: Wednesday, January 20, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Marine Biodiversity in Juan Fernndez and Desventuradas Islands, Chile: Global Endemism Hotspots

Alan M. Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Jennifer E. Caselle, Carlos F. Gaymer, Alvaro T. Palma, Ignacio Petit, Eduardo Varas, Alex Muoz Wilson, Enric Sala

ABSTRACT The Juan Fernndez and Desventuradas islands are among the few oceanic islands belonging to Chile. They possess a unique mix of tropical, subtropical, and temperate marine species, and although close to continental South America, elements of...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, January 6, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Re-evaluating the health of coral reef communities: baselines and evidence for human impacts across the central Pacific

Jennifer E. Smith, Rusty Brainard, Amanda Carter, Saray Grillo, Clinton Edwards, Jill Harris, Levi Lewis, David Obura, Forest Rohwer, Enric Sala, Peter S. Vroom, Stuart Sandin

ABSTRACT Numerous studies have documented declines in the abundance of reef-building corals over the last several decades and in some but not all cases, phase shifts to dominance by macroalgae have occurred. These assessments, however, often ignore ...

Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of Biology
Published: Wednesday, January 6, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Metagenomic and satellite analyses of red snow in the Russian Arctic

Nao Hisakawa, Steven D. Quistad, Eric R. Hester, Daria Martynova, Heather Maughan, Enric Sala, Maria V. Gavrilo, Forest Rohwer

ABSTRACT Cryophilic algae thrive in liquid water within snow and ice in alpine and polar regions worldwide. Blooms of these algae lower albedo (reflection of sunlight), thereby altering melting patterns (Kohshima, Seko & Yoshimura, 1993; Lutz et al....

Peerj
Published: Thursday, December 10, 2015

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Health of the Aldabra Group, Southern Seychelles

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Beets J, Brown EK, Fay JM, Haupt P, Henning B, Rose P, Sala E

The Aldabra Group (Aldabra Atoll, Assumption Island, Cosmoledo Atoll, Astove Atoll) lies in the remote southwest corner of the Seychelles Archipelago and harbors some of the least impacted coral reefs in the region . ...

Published: Sunday, November 1, 2015

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SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Economic Valuation of Marine and Shark-Based Tourism in the Galápagos Islands

John Lynham, Christopher Costello, Steve Gaines, Enric Sala

"ABSTRACT The Galápagos Islands are one the world’s top destinations for nature tourism, and an important economic engine for Ecuador. Despite the widely-held view that the marine environment comprises a large fraction of this value, no reliable esti...

Published: Sunday, November 1, 2015

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Improved estimates of age, growth and reproduction for the regionally endemic Galapagos sailfin grouper Mycteroperca olfax (Jenyns, 1840)

Usseglio P1, Friedlander AM2, DeMartini EE3, Schuhbauer A4, Schemmel E5, Salinas de Lon P6.

ABSTRACT The Galapagos Sailfin grouper, Mycteroperca olfax, locally known as bacalao and listed as vulnerable by the IUCN, is culturally, economically, and ecologically important to the Galapagos archipelago and its people. It is regionally endemic ...

Peerj
Published: Thursday, September 17, 2015

RESEARCH ARTICLE

From Reef to Table: Social and Ecological Factors Affecting Coral Reef Fisheries, Artisanal Seafood Supply Chains, and Seafood Security

John N. Kittinger, Lida T. Teneva, Haruko Koike, Kostantinos A. Stamoulis, Daniela S. Kittinger, Kirsten L. L. Oleson, Eric Conklin, Mahana Gomes, Bart Wilcox, Alan M. Friedlander

ABSTRACT Ocean and coastal ecosystems provide critical fisheries, coastal protection, and cultural benefits to communities worldwide, but these services are diminishing due to local and global threats. In response, place-based strategies involve com...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, August 5, 2015

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ocean calamities: Hyped litany or legitimate concern?

Jennifer Jacquet, James Estes, Jeremy Jackson, Ayana E. Johnson, Nancy Knowlton, Loren Mcclenachan, Daniel Pauly, Enric Sala

ABSTRACT Conservation scientists have expressed concern that impending marine extinctions are often overlooked (Dulvy et al. 2003) and that, by the time enough data are collected to justify protection, it is too late (Taylor and Gerrodette 1993). Fo...

Bioscience
Published: Wednesday, July 8, 2015

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