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Showing results 1 - 25 of 116

Nearshore marine biodiversity of Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica: Where the ocean meets the rainforest

Alan M. Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Odalisca Breedy, Beatriz Naranjo-Elizondo, Noelia Hernández, Pelayo Salinas-de-León, Enric Sala, Jorge Cortés

Osa Peninsula in remote southwest Costa Rica harbors 2.5% of global terrestrial biodiversity in only 1,200 km2 and has the largest remaining tract of Pacific lowland wet forest in Mesoamerica. However, little is known about the marine ecosystems.

Plos One
Published: Thursday, July 28, 2022


Recent shallow water foraminifera from the Selvagens Islands (Northeast Atlantic) – Assemblage composition and biogeographic significance

Shai Oronab, Alan M. Friedlander, Enric Sala, Beverly N. Goodman-Tchernova

We report the first survey of shallow-water foraminifera from the Selvagens Islands, an isolated archipelago located in the subtropical Northeast Atlantic. In our samples, we identified 63 species of foraminifera belonging to 43 genera in the >63 μm ...

Science Direct
Published: Wednesday, January 5, 2022


Assemblage structure and spatial diversity patterns of kelp forest-associated fishes in Southern Patagonia

Mathias Hüne, Alan M. Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Jennifer E. Caselle, Enric Sala

Knowledge of the ecology of the fish fauna associated with kelp (primarily Macrocystis pyrifera) forests in Southern Patagonia is scarce, especially in how abiotic and biotic variables influence their structure, diversity, and distribution.

Plos One
Published: Monday, September 20, 2021


Protecting the global ocean for biodiversity, food and climate

Enric Sala, Juan Mayorga, Darcy Bradley, Reniel B. Cabral, Trisha B. Atwood, Arnaud Auber, William Cheung, Christopher Costello, Francesco Ferretti, Alan M. Friedlander, Steven D. Gaines, Cristina Garilao, Whitney Goodell, Benjamin S. Halpern, Audra Hinson, Kristin Kaschner, Kathleen Kesner-Reyes, Fabien Leprieur, Jennifer McGowan, Lance E. Morgan, David Mouillot, Juliano Palacios-Abrantes, Hugh P. Possingham, Kristin D. Rechberger, Boris Worm & Jane Lubchenco

The ocean contains unique biodiversity, provides valuable food resources and is a major sink for anthropogenic carbon. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an effective tool for restoring ocean biodiversity and ecosystem services1,2, but at present only...

Published: Wednesday, March 17, 2021


Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene

Emily S. Darling, Tim R. McClanahan, Joseph Maina, Georgina G. Gurney, Nicholas A. J. Graham, Fraser Januchowski-Hartley, Joshua E. Cinner, Camilo Mora, Christina C. Hicks, Eva Maire, Marji Puotinen, William J. Skirving, Mehdi Adjeroud, Gabby Ahmadia, Rohan Arthur, Andrew G. Bauman, Maria Beger, Michael L. Berumen, Lionel Bigot, Jessica Bouwmeester, Ambroise Brenier, Tom C. L. Bridge, Eric Brown, Stuart J. Campbell, Sara Cannon, Bruce Cauvin, Chaolun Allen Chen, Joachim Claudet, Vianney Denis, Simon Donner, Estradivari, Nur Fadli, David A. Feary, Douglas Fenner, Helen Fox, Erik C. Franklin, Alan Friedlander, James Gilmour, Claire Goiran, James Guest, Jean-Paul A. Hobbs, Andrew S. Hoey, Peter Houk, Steven Johnson, Stacy D. Jupiter, Mohsen Kayal, Chao-yang Kuo, Joleah Lamb, Michelle A. C. Lee, Jeffrey Low, Nyawira Muthiga, Efin Muttaqin, Yashika Nand, Kirsty L. Nash, Osamu Nedlic, John M. Pandolfi, Shinta Pardede, Vardhan Patankar, Lucie Penin, Lauriane Ribas-Deulofeu, Zoe Richards, T. Edward Roberts, Ku’ulei S. Rodgers, Che Din Mohd Safuan, Enric Sala, George Shedrawi, Tsai Min Sin, Patrick Smallhorn-West, Jennifer E. Smith, Brigitte Sommer, Peter D. Steinberg, Makamas Sutthacheep, Chun Hong James Tan, Gareth J. Williams, Shaun Wilson, Thamasak Yeemin, John F. Bruno, Marie-Josée Fortin, Martin Krkosek & David Mouillot

Without drastic efforts to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate globalized stressors, tropical coral reefs are in jeopardy. Strategic conservation and management requires identification of the environmental and socioeconomic factors driving the persi...

Published: Monday, August 12, 2019


Remote reefs and seamounts are the last refuges for marine predators across the Indo-Pacific

Tom B. Letessier, David Mouillot, Phil J. Bouchet, Laurent Vigliola, Marjorie C. Fernandes, Chris Thompson, Germain Boussarie, Jemma Turner, Jean-Baptiste Juhel, Eva Maire, M. Julian Caley, Heather J. Koldewey, Alan Friedlander, Enric Sala, Jessica J. Meeuwig

Since the 1950s, industrial fisheries have expanded globally, as fishing vessels are required to travel further afield for fishing opportunities. Technological advancements and fishery subsidies have granted ever-increasing access to populations of s...

Plos Biology
Published: Tuesday, August 6, 2019


An Introduction to the MPA Guide

Lubchenco, et al.

"ABSTRACT Momentum to protect the global ocean and to use Marine Protected Areas as a conservation tool is greater than it has ever been. But realizing the potential will require a common, shared language to understand, celebrate and track achieveme...

The Mpa Guide
Published: Monday, May 6, 2019


Drivers of fishing at the household scale in Fiji

Dacks R, Ticktin T, Jupiter S, Friedlander A

"ABSTRACT Coral reefs sustain millions of people worldwide, yet in recent years, social, environmental, and climate change have caused major declines in coral reef fisheries. Small-scale coral reef fisheries research has largely focused on community...

Ecology And Society
Published: Tuesday, August 21, 2018


The economics of fishing the high seas

Sala E, Mayorga J, Costello C, Kroodsma D, Palomares Maria, Pauly D, Sumaila UR, Zeller D

"ABSTRACT While the ecological impacts of fishing the waters beyond national jurisdiction (the “high seas”) have been widely studied, the economic rationale is more difficult to ascertain because of scarce data on the costs and revenues of the fleet...

Science Advances
Published: Wednesday, June 6, 2018


Addressing Criticisms of Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas

O'Leary B, Ban N, Fernandez M, Friedlander A, Garcia-Borboroglu P, Golbuu Y, Guidetti P, Harris J, Hawkins J, Langlois T, McCauley D, Pikitch E, Richmond R, Roberts C

"ABSTRACT Designated large-scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs, 100,000 or more square kilometers) constitute over two-thirds of the approximately 6.6% of the ocean and approximately 14.5% of the exclusive economic zones within marine protected are...

Published: Tuesday, May 1, 2018


First quantification of subtidal community structure at Tristan da Cunha Islands in the remote South Atlantic: From kelp forests to the deep sea

Caselle J, Hamilton S, Davis K, Thompson C, Turchik A, Jenkinson R, Simpson D, Sala E

"ABSTRACT Tristan da Cunha Islands, an archipelago of four rocky volcanic islands situated in the South Atlantic Ocean and part of the United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), present a rare example of a relatively unimpacted temperate marine ec...

Plos One
Published: Thursday, March 29, 2018


A linked land-sea modeling framework to inform ridge-to-reef management in high oceanic islands

Jade M. S. Delevaux, Robert Whittier, Kostantinos A. Stamoulis, Leah L. Bremer, Stacy Jupiter, Alan M. Friedlander, Matthew Poti, Greg Guannel, Natalie Kurashima, Kawika B. Winter, Robert Toonen, Eric Conklin, Chad Wiggins, Anders Knudby, Whitney Goodell, Kimberly Burnett, Susan Yee, Hla Htun, Kirsten L. L. Oleson, Tracy Wiegner, Tamara Ticktin

"ABSTRACT Declining natural resources have led to a cultural renaissance across the Pacific that seeks to revive customary ridge-to-reef management approaches to protect freshwater and restore abundant coral reef fisheries. Effective ridge-to-reef m...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, March 14, 2018


Advancing the integration of spatial data to map human and natural drivers on coral reefs

Wedding L, Lecky J, Gove J, Walecka H, Donovan M, Williams G, Jouffray JB, Crowder L, Erickson A, Falinski K, Friedlander A, Kappel C, Kittinger J, McCoy K, Norstrom A, Nystrom M, Oleson K, Stamoulis K, White C, Selkoe K

"ABSTRACT A major challenge for coral reef conservation and management is understanding how a wide range of interacting human and natural drivers cumulatively impact and shape these ecosystems. Despite the importance of understanding these interacti...

Plos One
Published: Thursday, March 1, 2018


Effects of herbivores, wave exposure and depth on benthic coral communities of the Easter Island ecoregion

Easton E, Gaymer C, Friedlander A, Herlan J

"ABSTRACT The Easter Island ecoregion includes Rapa Nui (Easter Island; RN), with a human population of ~5600, and the uninhabited Salas y Gómez (SyG). Although the culture and terrestrial ecology of RN have been well studied, we know little about t...

Aquatic Conservation: Marine And Freshwater Ecosystems
Published: Tuesday, February 27, 2018


Tracking the global footprint of fisheries

Kroodsma D, Mayorga J, Hochberg T, Miller N, Boerder K, Ferretti F, Wilson A, Bergman B, White T, Block B, Woods P, Sullivan B, Costello C, Worm B

"ABSTRACT Although fishing is one of the most widespread activities by which humans harvest natural resources, its global footprint is poorly understood and has never been directly quantified. We processed 22 billion automatic identification system ...

Science Magazine
Published: Friday, February 23, 2018


Assessing real progress towards effective ocean protection

Sala E, Lubchenco J, Grorud-Colvert K, Novelli C, Roberts C, Sumaila UR

"ABSTRACT The United Nations’ target for global ocean protection is 10% of the ocean in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) by 2020. There has been remarkable progress in the last decade, and some organizations claim that 7% of the ocean is already protec...

Marine Policy
Published: Friday, February 16, 2018


Marine biodiversity at the end of the world: Cape Horn and Diego Ramirez Islands

Alan M. Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Tom W. Bell, Jonatha Giddens, Brad Henning, Mathias Hüne, Alex Muñoz, Pelayo Salinas-de-León, Enric Sala

"ABSTRACT The vast and complex coast of the Magellan Region of extreme southern Chile possesses a diversity of habitats including fjords, deep channels, and extensive kelp forests, with a unique mix of temperate and sub-Antarctic species. The Cape H...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, January 24, 2018


Juvenile fish assemblages in temperate rocky reefs are shaped by the presence of macro-algae canopy and its three-dimensional structure

Cheminee A, Pastor J, Bianchimani O, Thiriet P, Sala E, Cottalorda JM, Dominici JM, Lejeune P, Francour P

"ABSTRACT Arborescent macro-algae forests covering temperate rocky reefs are a known habitat for juvenile fishes. However, in the Mediterranean, these forests are undergoing severe transformations due to pressures from global change. In our study, j...

Scientific Reports
Published: Tuesday, November 7, 2017


No-take marine reserves are the most effective protected areas in the ocean

Sala E, Giakoumi S

Ices Journal Of Marine Science
Published: Thursday, August 31, 2017


Ecological effects of full and partial protection in the crowded Mediterranean Sea: a regional meta-analysis

Giakoumi S, Scianna C, Plass-Johnson J, Micheli F, Grorud-Colvert K, Thiriet P, Claudet J, Di Carlo G, Di Franco A, Gaines S, Garcia-Charton J, Lubchenco J, Reimer J, Sala E, Guidetti P

"ABSTRACT Marine protected areas (MPAs) are a cornerstone of marine conservation. Globally, the number and coverage of MPAs are increasing, but MPA implementation lags in many human-dominated regions. In areas with intense competition for space and...

Scientific Reports
Published: Monday, August 21, 2017


Archipiélago de Juan Fernández: Biodiversidad marina y necesidades de conservación

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Berkenpas E, Betz J, Giddens J, Gorny 5, Hinojosa I, Mayorga J, Muñoz A, Salinas-de-León P, Sala E

Juan Fernández es un ejemplo de sostenibilidad pesquera tras 120 años de pesca responsable y rentable de langosta. Hoy la comunidad de Juan Fernández está dispuesta a ampliar ese liderazgo y convertirse en referente a...

Published: Tuesday, August 1, 2017

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Ecosystem Assessment of the Tristan da Cunha Islands

Caselle JE, Hamilton SL, Davis K, Bester M, Wege M, Thompson C, Turchik A, Jenkinson R, Simpson D, Mayorga J, Rose P, Fay M, Myers D, Glass J, Glass T, Green R, Repetto J, Swain G, Herian K, Lavarello I, Hall J, Schofield A, Dews S, McAloney D, and Sala E

Tristan da Cunha is a remote group of islands in the South Atlantic, situated approximately 2,700km from South Africa and 3,700km from the nearest shores of South America. The northern island group is composed of Tr...

Published: Saturday, July 1, 2017

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Cabo de Hornos y Diego Ramírez: Biodiversidad y propuesta de conservación

Salinas-de-León P, Friedlander A, Ballesteros E, Henning B, Hune M, Sala E

Chile se ha convertido en un líder mundial en conservación al crear los dos parques marinos más grandes de América alrededor de islas oceánicas. Hoy el desafío es ampliar ese liderazgo para cubrir de manera representativa otros ecosistemas de Chile. ...

Published: Saturday, July 1, 2017

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Size, age, and habitat determine effectiveness of Palaus marine protected areas

Alan M. Friedlander, Yimnang Golbuu, Enric Ballesteros, Jennifer E. Caselle, Marine Gouezo, Dawnette Olsudong, Enric Sala

ABSTRACT Palau has a rich heritage of conservation that has evolved from the traditional moratoria on fishing, or bul, to more western Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), while still retaining elements of customary management and tenure. In 2003, the Pal...

Plos One
Published: Thursday, March 30, 2017


Coral reef grazer-benthos dynamics complicated by invasive algae in a small marine reserve

Kostantinos A. Stamoulis, Alan M. Friedlander, Carl G. Meyer, Iria Fernandez-Silva

ABSTRACT Blooms of alien invasive marine algae have become common, greatly altering the health and stability of nearshore marine ecosystems. Concurrently, herbivorous fishes have been severely overfished in many locations worldwide, contributing to ...

Scientific Reports
Published: Thursday, March 9, 2017