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  • Tips & Modifications


    If time allows, have groups swap positions after the debate. Having students debate both sides of an issue builds their critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

    1. Introduce globalization.
    Explain to students that globalization, in its simplest form, means a more connected world. Globalization is the movement and integration of goods and people among different countries. Globalization is driven by international trade and aided by information technology. Make sure students understand that there are pros and cons to globalization, all of which have economic, social, political, and cultural impacts. Ask them to brainstorm what some pros and cons may be, and write them on the board.

    2. Distribute the worksheet and have students research globalization.
    Distribute copies of the worksheet Decision Matrix to each student. Have students use the provided websites to conduct their own research and to learn more about the issues in the debate over globalization. They can also find resources at the school library or a local library. Ask students to record the information they find on the worksheet.

    3. Have students decide what they think about globalization.
    Based on their research, tell students to select the arguments that they believe are most valid.

    4. Have students write about globalization.
    Have students write a bulleted list of information that supports the views they selected. Tell students they can choose one aspect of globalization, such as economic costs and benefits, or they can look at the issue as a whole.

    5. Have students debate globalization.
    Divide the class into two groups: students who focused on pros and students who focused on cons. Have the two groups debate the issue. Make sure students back up any statements with factual information from reliable resources.

    Extending the Learning

    If possible, have students watch the National Geographic film Illicit: The Dark Trade. An excerpt of the film is provided in this activity. Go to the PBS website to find out where you can get the full DVD.

  • Subjects & Disciplines

    Learning Objectives

    Students will:

    • define
    • conduct research about globalization
    • identify pros and cons of globalization
    • choose and support one side of the debate

    Teaching Approach

    • Learning-for-use

    Teaching Methods

    • Information organization
    • Research
    • Writing

    Skills Summary

    This activity targets the following skills:

    Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices

    National Geography Standards

    • Standard 11:  The patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth's surface

    Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics

    • Standard 3: Allocation of Goods and Services:  Different methods can be used to allocate goods and services. People acting individually or collectively through government, must choose which methods to use to allocate different kinds of goods and services.
  • What You’ll Need

    Materials You Provide

    • Paper
    • Pencils
    • Pens

    Required Technology

    • Internet Access: Required
    • Tech Setup: 1 computer per learner, Speakers

    Physical Space

    • Computer lab


    • Large-group instruction
  • Background Information

    Globalization is the movement and integration of goods and people among different countries. There are advantages and disadvantages to globalization, all of which have economic, social, political, and cultural impacts.

    Prior Knowledge

    • None

    Recommended Prior Activities

    • None


    Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    globalization Noun

    connection of different parts of the world resulting in the expansion of international cultural, economic, and political activities.

    Encyclopedic Entry: globalization