On November 4, 1922, British Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt. Tutankhamun, nicknamed King Tut, was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled from 1333 BCE (when he was just nine years old) until his death in 1323 BCE. After he died, Tutankhamun was mummified, according to tradition, and buried in a tomb filled with artwork, jewelry, and treasures. Shifting desert sands quickly hid the tomb, and it lay undiscovered for more than 3,000 years.
 
On November 4, Carter discovered the first step of a staircase. The next day, his team exposed the whole staircase, and by the end of November, Carter had excavated an antechamber, a treasury, and the door to the tomb itself. After making a tiny breach in the door, Carter saw a room filled with gold treasures and the sarcophagus containing Tutankhamen’s mummy.
Noun

area of land that receives no more than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of precipitation a year.

Egyptologist
Noun

person who studies the culture and history of ancient Egypt.

excavate
Verb

to expose by digging.

mummy
Noun

corpse of a person or animal that has been preserved by natural environmental conditions or human techniques.

Noun

ruler of ancient Egypt.

Noun

stone coffin, usually decorated with inscriptions.

tomb
Noun

enclosed burial place.

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