On November 15, 1864, Union forces led by Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman burned nearly all of the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia. More than 3,000 buildings (including businesses, hospitals, homes, and schools) were destroyed. The Atlanta Campaign aimed to cut off Atlanta’s vital supply lines that provided Confederate troops with reinforcements, ammunition, and goods such as clothes, first-aid medicines, and equipment.
 
As Atlanta lay smoldering, Sherman and his troops began their audacious, infamous “March to the Sea,” a massive scorched-earth campaign that ended in the port city of Savannah, Georgia, on December 21.
city
Noun

large settlement with a high population density.

infamous
Adjective

having a very bad reputation.

massive
Adjective

very large or heavy.

Noun

place on a body of water where ships can tie up or dock and load and unload cargo.

Union
Adjective

having to do with states supporting the United States (north) during the U.S. Civil War.

vital
Adjective

necessary or very important.