On February 12, 1912, Pu Yi, the last emperor of China, was forced to abdicate. Pu Yi was only six years old at the time. His father had made major political decisions during Pu Yi’s four-year reign, and his adoptive mother signed his abdication papers.Pu Yi’s abdication ended more than 2,000 years of imperial rule in China. The new Republic of China ushered in a new, republican style of government with elected leaders and citizen representation. The new government was not stable, however. It quickly fell to internal conflict and, later, Japanese invasion prior to World War II.Pu Yi was imprisoned after World War II for collaborating with the Japanese. After leaving prison, he worked as a gardener and lived as a regular citizen, Henry Puyi.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry abdicate Verb
to step down from a position of authority and power.
member of a country, state, or town who shares responsibilities for the area and benefits from being a member.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
to choose by vote.
ruler of an empire.
Forbidden City Noun
palace complex in Beijing, China, used by Chinese emperors.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
having to do with an empire.
to confine or put in a jail-like facility.
an attack or move to take possession.
to act badly or without manners.
large home or mansion, often the home of a leader or dignitary.
having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.
before or ahead of.
to rule as a monarch.
action taken on behalf of another person, group of people, or organization.
system of government where power rests in citizens who vote and representatives who stand for those citizens. The United States is a republic.
steady and reliable.
World War II Noun
(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)