Select Text Level:

On February 12, 1912, Pu Yi, the last emperor of China, was forced to abdicate. Pu Yi was only six years old at the time. His father had made major political decisions during Pu Yi’s four-year reign, and his adoptive mother signed his abdication papers. 
 
Pu Yi’s abdication ended more than 2,000 years of imperial rule in China. The new Republic of China ushered in a new, republican style of government with elected leaders and citizen representation. The new government was not stable, however. It quickly fell to internal conflict and, later, Japanese invasion prior to World War II
 
Pu Yi was imprisoned after World War II for collaborating with the Japanese. After leaving prison, he worked as a gardener and lived as a regular citizen, Henry Puyi.
abdicate
Verb

to step down from a position of authority and power.

citizen
Noun

member of a country, state, or town who shares responsibilities for the area and benefits from being a member.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

elect
Verb

to choose by vote.

emperor
Noun

ruler of an empire.

Forbidden City
Noun

palace complex in Beijing, China, used by Chinese emperors.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

imperial
Adjective

having to do with an empire.

imprison
Verb

to confine or put in a jail-like facility.

invasion
Noun

an attack or move to take possession.

misbehave
Verb

to act badly or without manners.

palace
Noun

large home or mansion, often the home of a leader or dignitary.

political
Adjective

having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.

prior
Adjective

before or ahead of.

reign
Verb

to rule as a monarch.

representation
Noun

action taken on behalf of another person, group of people, or organization.

republic
Noun

system of government where power rests in citizens who vote and representatives who stand for those citizens. The United States is a republic.

stable
Adjective

steady and reliable.

World War II
Noun

(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)

More Dates in History

February
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28 29 30 31 1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 1 2 3