Siberian (Amur) tigers are the largest of the big cats and are known for their strength and power. Most wild Siberian tigers live in the woodlands of eastern Russia. Some are also found in northeastern China and Korea. Only about 50 wild Siberian (Amur) tigers remain in Russia and China today. Along with the other four tiger subspecies, Siberian tigers are one of the most endangered carnivores on Earth. Humans are associated with up to 80 percent of all Siberian tiger deaths. As human populations increase and habitat is destroyed throughout the Siberian tiger's range, competition between humans and tigers increases. Humans out-compete tigers for food and space. Siberian tiger populations are also threatened by illegal poaching and retaliatory killings that result from human-tiger conflicts in the wild.

  • Humans have caused up to 80 percent of all Siberian tiger deaths.
  • During the 20th century, three tiger subspeciesthe Balinese tiger, the Javan tiger, and the Caspian tigerbecame extinct. The six remaining tiger subspecies include the Amur (Siberian) tiger, Bengal (Indian) tiger, Indochinese tiger, Malayan tiger, South China tiger, and Sumatran tiger.
  • In the 1940s, no more than 40 Siberian tigers remained in the wild.
  • Conservation efforts have helped the Siberian tiger population to recover and remain stable over the last decade.