This map shows ethnolinguistic groups across Afghanistan and Pakistan. This map is part of a high school human geography lesson, The Geography of Afghanistan, developed by Brown University for The Choices Program.
Sometimes, political borders do not match up with cultural boundaries. Where do you see cultural boundaries intersecting a political border on this map? How do you think these differences between cultural and political borders developed?
How can the intersection of cultural and political borders lead to conflict between groups?
Where else have political boundaries led to conflict?
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry artificial state Noun
government or nation (state) whose borders do not reflect ethnic divisions or the desires of its peoples.
natural or artificial line separating two pieces of land.
Encyclopedic Entry: border boundary Noun
line separating geographical areas.
Encyclopedic Entry: boundary colony Noun
people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.
to take away certain rights, usually voting.
forced removal of something, often people or organisms, from their communities or original space.
Durand Line Noun
border between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
leader of a Muslim region or state. Also called amir.
ethnic group Adjective
people sharing genetic characteristics, culture, language, religion or history.
study of language.
to reduce the significance or importance of something.
region along the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
physical features Noun
naturally occurring geographic characteristics.
British government rule in India, prior to Indian independence in 1947.
sphere of influence Noun
area or region where a nation or cultural group has cultural, economic, military, or political influence.
person who analyzes the specific boundaries and features of a piece of land using mathematical concepts such as geometry.
community made of one or several family groups sharing a common culture.