Meet the Flintstones
The television comedy The Flintstones is set in the town of Bedrock. Geologic names are easy to spot in the cartoon: the Flintstones' neighbors are the Rubbles, Fred Flintstone works for Mr. Slate at Slate Rock and Gravel, Pebbles Flintstone works at Pyrite Advertising Agency, and the local newspapers are the Daily Granite and the Daily Slab. Fred Flintstone's lookalike is even named J.P. Gotrox. (Sound it out.)
Earth's Oldest Rocks
In 2008, geologists announced that a swath of exposed bedrock in the Canadian province of Quebec was the oldest place on the Earths surface. The crust on the Nuvvuagittuq greenstone belt, on the eastern shore of Hudson Bay, is 4.28 billion years old, dating to when the Earth was still cooling from its formation!
an underground layer of rock or earth which holds groundwater.
to evaluate or determine the amount of.
solid rock beneath the Earth's soil and sand.
process changes the composition of rocks, often transforming them when water interacts with minerals to create various chemical reactions.
person who works in the design and construction of buildings, roads, and other public facilities.
rocky outermost layer of Earth or other planet.
to make a hole using a rotating digging tool.
act in which earth is worn away, often by water, wind, or ice.
representation of spatial information displaying data about rocks and minerals.
study of the physical history of the Earth, its composition, its structure, and the processes that form and change it.
mass of ice that moves slowly over land.
type of hard, igneous rock.
small stones or pebbles.
last glacial period, which peaked about 20,000 years ago.
the geographic features of a region.
inorganic material that has a characteristic chemical composition and specific crystal structure.
type of fossil fuel made up mostly of the gas methane.
process of a specific mountain range or ranges being formed.
layer of rock visible above the surface of the Earth.
small piece of material.
fossil fuel formed from the remains of ancient organisms. Also called crude oil.
large region that is higher than the surrounding area and relatively flat.
full of tiny holes, or able to be permeated by water.
site where stone is mined.
natural substance composed of solid mineral matter.
upper boundary of a bedrock formation.
part of a plant that secures it in the soil, obtains water and nutrients, and often stores food made by leaves.
rough pieces of stone.
small, loose grains of disintegrated rocks.
common sedimentary rock formed by grains of sand compacted or cemented with material such as clay.
weathered or decomposed bedrock that essentially remains in its original site.
solid material transported and deposited by water, ice, and wind.
top layer of the Earth's surface where plants can grow.
study of rock layers and layering.
movement of plates beneath the Earth's surface that causes one part of the landscape to rise higher than the surrounding area.
rock, earth, and gravel left behind by a retreating or melting glacier.
minerals or sediments in the form of loose particles, such as sand or gravel.
the breaking down or dissolving of the Earth's surface rocks and minerals.