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chemistry

This collection contains a selection of content from NG Education about chemistry. Use search to find more.

Chemistry students at Kenya Science Teachers College in Nairobi, Kenya, study the molecular reactions of a substance. Chemists use the measuring unit of a mole to describe the molecular amount of a substance.
Photograph by Bruce Dale, National Geographic

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Diamonds Aren’t Forever
Article
EDUCATION

Diamonds Aren’t Forever

If diamonds are too tough to evaporate, how do they turn to vapor?

  • Best for: Grades 7-12 (ages 12-18)
  • Concepts: chemistry, diamonds, oxidation, temperature
ocean vent
Article
EDUCATION

ocean vent

An ocean vent is a fissure in the seafloor that spews hot, often toxic fluids and gases.

  • Best for: Grades 6+ (ages 11+)
  • Concepts: chemistry, geology, habitat, hydrothermal vents, ocean, ocean vents, plate tectonics, pressure, temperature
A Natural Solution
Video
EDUCATION

A Natural Solution

Biopesticides, pesticides derived from natural combatants like plants, animals, and bacteria, are a growing segment of the pesticide market. As more consumers demand safer foods made with fewer harsh chemicals, the demand for these biopesticides grows.

  • Best for: Grades 6+ (ages 11+)
  • Concepts: chemistry, economics, farming, food, geography, insects, nature, safety, sustainability
Can Science Create a Greener Pickle?
Video
EDUCATION

Can Science Create a Greener Pickle?

When the brine used to make pickles is disposed of, the pickling salt can seep into wetlands, contaminating the soil and creating breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Scientists with the U.S. Department of Agriculture are developing a new pickling solution, and it's being tested with a leading pickle co...

  • Best for: Grades 6+ (ages 11+)
  • Concepts: agriculture, chemistry, environment, food, geography, innovation, pickles, preservation, salt, sustainability, technology
Happy Mole Day
Historic Article
EDUCATION

Happy Mole Day

On October 23, 1991, chemistry teachers first celebrated Mole Day—encouraging students to take a fun interest in chemistry as a class and a career.

  • Best for: Grades 6-12 (ages 11-18)
  • Concepts: chemistry, math, measurement, mole day
nanotechnology
Article
EDUCATION

nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the study and manipulation of individual atoms and molecules.

  • Best for: Grades 9+ (ages 14+)
  • Concepts: buckyballs, chemistry, dendrimers, fullerenes, manufacturing, measurement, microscopes, nanoscale, nanotechnology, physics, quantum dots, research
Trans Fats Banned in NYC Restaurants
Historic Article
EDUCATION

Trans Fats Banned in NYC Restaurants

On December 5, 2006, New York became the first city in the United States to ban trans fats at restaurants.

  • Best for: Grades 6-12 (ages 11-18)
  • Concepts: business, food, government, health, new york city, restaurants, trans fats, transportation
Inventor of Synthetic Plastic is Born
Historic Article
EDUCATION

Inventor of Synthetic Plastic is Born

On November 14, 1863, Leo Hendrik Baekeland, who would develop the first synthetic plastic, was born in Ghent, Belgium.

  • Best for: Grades 6-12 (ages 11-18)
  • Concepts: bakelite, chemistry, commerce, ghent, inventors, manufacturing, plastic
CFC Researchers Win Nobel Prize
Historic Article
EDUCATION

CFC Researchers Win Nobel Prize

On October 11, 1995, Mario Molina, Sherwood Rowland, and Paul Crutzen won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work demonstrating that gases known as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are eating away Earth's ozone layer.

  • Best for: Grades 6-12 (ages 11-18)
  • Concepts: atmosphere, chemistry, health, ozone hole, radiation
First Evidence for Possible Life on Mars
Historic Article
EDUCATION

First Evidence for Possible Life on Mars

First Evidence for Possible Life on Mars

  • Best for: Grades 6-12 (ages 11-18)
  • Concepts: allan hills antarctica, bacteria, biodiversity, chemistry, geology, mars, solar system
Keeling Awarded National Medal of Science
Historic Article
EDUCATION

Keeling Awarded National Medal of Science

On June 13, 2002, American chemist Charles Keeling was awarded the National Medal of Science by President George W. Bush. 

  • Best for: Grades 6-12 (ages 11-18)
  • Concepts: atmosphere, awards, carbon dioxide, chemistry, climate, global warming, keeling curve, mauna loa hawaii, measurement, research
Everlasting Light
Article
EDUCATION

Everlasting Light

Scientists use biomimicry to research the different ways bioluminescent technology can be used for human purposes. 

  • Best for: Grades 8-12 (ages 13-18)
  • Concepts: bioluminescence, biomimicry, chemistry, technology
bioluminescence
Article
EDUCATION

bioluminescence

Bioluminescence is light emitted by living things through chemical reactions in their bodies.

  • Best for: Grades 5+ (ages 10+)
  • Concepts: adaptation, bioluminescence, camouflage, light, marine habitat
Smart Shirts
Article
EDUCATION

Smart Shirts

Scientists explain how our clothes will soon be able to do much more than just cover our bodies.

  • Best for: Grades 8-12 (ages 13-18)
  • Concepts: chemistry, cotton, fabric, health, nanotechnology, textiles
Citizen Sleuths
Article
EDUCATION

Citizen Sleuths

Citizen sleuths use electron microscopy to offer clues about the D.B. Cooper case.

  • Best for: Grades 5-10 (ages 10-16)
  • Concepts: citizen science, crime, d.b. cooper, electron microscopes, mysteries
Blacker than Black
Article
EDUCATION

Blacker than Black

Tiny carbon nanotubes are making a big difference to NASA satellites.

  • Best for: Grades 5+ (ages 10+)
  • Concepts: astronomy, engineering, light, nanotechnology, physics, spacecraft
Dating Fossils in the Rocks
Article
EDUCATION

Dating Fossils in the Rocks

How are fossils and other findings analyzed in Kenya's Turkana Basin?

  • Best for: Grades 6+ (ages 11+)
  • Concepts: evolution, fossils, geology, hominids, kenya, lakes, lake turkana, rocks, stratigraphy
Weird Waters
Article
EDUCATION

Weird Waters

Scientists explain the unique alkaline chemistry of Lake Turkana, Kenya.

  • Best for: Grades 5+ (ages 10+)
  • Concepts: africa, chemistry, ethiopia, fish, kenya, lakes, lake turkana, minerals, salt, water
oceanography
Article
EDUCATION

oceanography

Oceanography is the study of all aspects of the ocean. Oceanography covers a wide range of topics, from marine life and ecosystems to currents and waves, the movement of sediments, and seafloor geology.

  • Best for: Grades 5+ (ages 10+)
  • Concepts: biology, chemistry, currents, geography, history, ocean, oceanography
Looking For Life
Article
EDUCATION

Looking For Life

Emerging Explorer Kevin Hand is attempting to answer one of humanity's greatest questions: Does life exist outside Earth?

  • Best for: Grades 6+ (ages 11+)
  • Concepts: astrobiology, chemistry, emerging explorers, enceladus, europa, kevin hand, nasa, space, vents
ozone layer
Article
EDUCATION

ozone layer

Encyclopedic entry. The ozone layer is one layer of the stratosphere, the second layer of the Earth’s atmosphere. The stratosphere is the mass of protective gases clinging to our planet.

  • Best for: Grades 6+ (ages 11+)
  • Concepts: atmosphere, cfcs, chemistry, earth, gases, greenhouse effect, ozone layer
Sweet Secret
Article
EDUCATION

Sweet Secret

What does a plant leaf have to do with the solar energy panels on the White House? Find out how Melvin Calvin’s Nobel Prize–winning  photosynthesis research is helping cool the planet, in this article from National Geographic Education.

  • Best for: Grades 8+ (ages 13+)
  • Concepts: botany, calvin cycle, chemistry, nobel prizes, photosynthesis, plants, solar energy
Hydrothermal Vent Chemistry and Life
Activity
EDUCATION

Hydrothermal Vent Chemistry and Life

Students explore interactives to learn about hydrothermal vent chemistry and the animals that have adapted to living in the harsh environment near vents.

  • Best for: Grades 6-8 (ages 11-14)
  • Concepts: animal adaptations, chemistry, chemosynthesis, hydrothermal vents, ocean