On September 7, 1940, Germany began its blitzkrieg bombing campaign in London, England. The Nazi blitzkrieg, or “lightning war,” was a new offensive tactic that blanketed civilian and industrial targets throughout the United Kingdom with explosives.The Blitz that hit London came in two waves. The first included about 300 aircraft dropping bombs for about an hour and a half. The second wave, a nighttime campaign, lasted eight hours, “shaking the city with the deafening noise of hundreds of bombs falling so close together there was hardly a pause between them,” according to the BBC.The Blitz lasted less than a year, claiming the lives of about 43,000 civilians. Still, the campaign was ultimately a failure for the Luftwaffe, the powerful air force of Nazi Germany. More than 2,200 Luftwaffe aircraft and hundreds of experienced crews were lost in the campaign, while British morale or war production never really ceased.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry aircraft Noun
vehicle able to travel and operate above the ground.
BBC adjective, noun
(British Broadcasting Corporation) semi-autonomous British public-service broadcaster.
to cover entirely.
(1940-1941) nighttime bombing campaign of industrial and civilian targets in cities throughout the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany.
quick, overwhelming attack.
explosive device, usually a projectile.
activities designed to achieve a social, political, or military goal.
to stop or end.
large settlement with a high population density.
person who is not in the military.
material that can quickly and violently expand due to a chemical change.
lack of success.
having to do with factories or mechanical production.
(1935-1945) German air force during World War II.
emotional or psychological condition of a person or group of people.
Nazi noun, adjective
(1919-1945) (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) having to do with the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
invading or attacking, not defending.
procedure or method for accomplishing a goal.