On September 29, 1963, Pope Paul VI opened the second period of the Second Vatican Council, popularly known as Vatican II. Vatican II began in 1962 and did not officially end until 1968. It was the most ambitious reform and renewal of the Catholic Church since the Counter Reformation 500 years earlier.Vatican II expanded the Catholic Church’s reconciliation and public outreach to members of other faiths, including Eastern Orthodox and Protestant denominations. Its teachings allowed Catholics to pray with other Christians and encouraged Catholics to respect and form friendships with people of other faiths. Vatican II also expanded the role of everyday Catholics—the laity, not just priests and bishops—in religious activities.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry ambitious Adjective
eager to achieve wealth, power, status, or a specific goal.
leader of a church's diocese.
having to do with the Christian denomination with the Pope as its leader.
people and culture focused on the teachings of Jesus and his followers.
group of people who worship at the same church.
group of people selected to act in an advisory, administrative, or legislative capacity.
Counter Reformation Noun
(1545-1648) spiritual, social, and political response of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation.
branch of a church or larger spiritual faith.
Eastern Orthodox Noun
loose affiliation of several Christian denominations (including Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, etc.) which follow early church hierarchy.
to inspire or support a person or idea.
to grow or get larger.
all members of a religious organization that are not members of the clergy, or official leadership.
set of sounds, gestures, or symbols that allows people to communicate.
language of ancient Rome and the Roman Empire.
central act of worship in the Catholic Church.
leader of the Catholic Church.
to offer praise, worship, or other appeal to a spiritual deity.
title of religious leader in many faiths.
before or ahead of.
Christian who is not a follower of Catholic or Orthodox faiths.
public outreach Noun
program by an organization to connect its work to other organizations or the general public.
process of accepting or no longer being opposed to something.
reform noun, verb
change or improvement of a policy or process.
to restore or begin again.
authority and leadership of the pope and the Catholic Church.