Typhoon Vera struck Japanin 1959. This map shows the location of the storm at 6-hour intervals. The colours represent the storm's maximum sustained wind speeds, and the shape of the data points represent the nature of the storm. Typhoon Vera began as a tropical depression and was a Category 3 hurricane (yellow) when it it Japan.

Map by by Supportstorm with background imag from NASA

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  • On September 27, 1959, Typhoon Vera hit the island of Honshu, Japan. Vera had winds of more than 257 kilometers per hour (160 miles per hour), destroyed thousands of homes, and caused 5,000 deaths. Much of the damage caused by Vera was a result of heavy rains, strong winds, and large ocean waves.

    Cyclones, typhoons, and hurricanes are actually all the same thing. They just have different names because they occur in different parts of the world. Cyclones occur in the Indian and southwest Pacific Ocean. Typhoons occur in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Hurricanes the Atlantic Ocean, the northeast Pacific Ocean, and the south Pacific Ocean.

    Cyclones, typhoons, and hurricanes usually weaken as they pass over land or cold water. Typhoon Vera dissipated just a day after hitting Honshu.

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    cyclone Noun

    weather system that rotates around a center of low pressure and includes thunderstorms and rain. Usually, hurricanes refer to cyclones that form over the Atlantic Ocean.

    destroy Verb

    to ruin or make useless.

    dissipate Verb

    to scatter and disappear.

    hurricane Noun

    tropical storm with wind speeds of at least 119 kilometers (74 miles) per hour. Hurricanes are the same thing as typhoons, but usually located in the Atlantic Ocean region.

    island Noun

    body of land surrounded by water.

    Encyclopedic Entry: island
    occur Verb

    to happen or take place.

    typhoon Noun

    tropical storm with wind speeds of at least 74 miles (119 kilometers) per hour. Typhoons are the same thing as hurricanes, but usually located in the Pacific or Indian Ocean region.

    wave Noun

    moving swell on the surface of water.

    wind Noun

    movement of air (from a high pressure zone to a low pressure zone) caused by the uneven heating of the Earth by the sun.