On September 26, 1774, John Chapman was born in Leominster, Massachusetts. Chapman became a nomadic evangelist and farmer, planting apple seeds throughout the western frontier of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana. Even during his lifetime, Chapman was nicknamed “Johnny Appleseed.”Johnny Appleseed became an icon of the conservation movement, largely due to the fact that he planted thousands of trees. Chapman did not, however, simply scatter seeds. He planted well-planned, fenced-off nurseries. Although he lived a simple lifestyle in keeping with his strong Swedenborgian faith, he died quite wealthy, owning more than 1,200 acres of orchards on fertile agricultural land.Unlike most apple farmers, Johnny Appleseed did not graft his apple trees. As his nickname implies, he planted seeds. Due to unique genetic characteristics of apples, this means that Johnny Appleseed’s apples were sour and inedible—but ideal for making alcoholic “hard cider.” Historian Michael Pollan thinks that Chapman may be considered a “shrewd real estate developer” who brought “the gift of alcohol to the frontier.”
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry agriculture Noun
the art and science of cultivating the land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching).
Encyclopedic Entry: agriculture alcoholic Adjective
having to do with intoxicating liquor, such as beer or wine.
physical, cultural, or psychological feature of an organism, place, or object.
juice from apples, prepared before fermentation (sweet cider) or after fermentation (hard cider, which is alcoholic).
management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
Encyclopedic Entry: conservation consider Verb
to think about.
person who seeks to convert others to his or her faith.
person who cultivates land and raises crops.
able to produce crops or sustain agriculture.
largely unpopulated area that is slowly being opened up for settlement.
having to do with genes, inherited characteristics or heredity.
to cause a plant to reproduce asexually by inserting one part of a plant into another plant.
an image or person used to represent something.
person who moves to a new country or region.
not able to be eaten or digested.
way of living, including cultural, economic, and social habits.
group of people or organizations with a common set of interests and plan for pursuing them.
having to do with a way of life lacking permanent settlement.
place where plants are raised for research or sale.
type of farm for growing fruit or nut trees.
real estate Noun
property and the business of buying, selling, and developing land.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region roam Verb
to wander or travel over a wide area without a specific destination.
to disperse or distribute without a clear pattern.
part of a plant from which a new plant grows.
smart and quick-witted.
having to do with the church or teachings of the Protestant religious denomination the New Church, founded by Swedish theologian Emanual Swedenborg.
one of a kind.