On September 24, 1957, President Dwight Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Troops from the Army’s 101st Airborne Division enforced the integration plan agreed to by the high school, and protected the nine African American students enrolled there.
Prior to Eisenhower’s actions, Gov. Orval Fabus deployed the Arkansas National Guard to block the Little Rock Nine from entering the high school. The president then sent in the Army and federalized the entire Arkansas National Guard. By federalizing the guard, Eisenhower mobilized members as federal—not state—military personnel.
Desegregation was a slow and violent process across the U.S. African American students, families, and communities were harassed, bullied, and attacked. All-white “splinter school districts” persisted until the early 1970s.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry army Noun
military land forces.
to enter or participate.
having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).
process of mixing different substances or groups.
National Guard Noun
military force controlled by a U.S. state but funded by the federal government and called up as part of the Army during national emergencies.
to endure or continue.
employees or all people working toward a common goal.
before or ahead of.