On September 21, 1964, the Mediterranean island nation of Malta gained its independence from the United Kingdom. For more than a thousand years, Malta had been conquered and ruled by a series of European and Arab empires.

Many European colonies gained independence in the 19th and 20th centuries. Some struggles for independence have been violent, while others (like Malta) have been a series of negotiations between indigenous leaders and the outgoing colonial power.

colonialism
Noun

type of government where a geographic area is ruled by a foreign power.

empire
Noun

group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.

identity
Noun

how a person defines themselves, or how others define them.

independence
Noun

state or situation of being free.

Noun

body of land surrounded by water.

Noun

political unit made of people who share a common territory.

strategic
Adjective

important part of a place or plan.

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