On September 2, 1901, United States Vice President Theodore Roosevelt outlined his ideal foreign policy in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair in Falcon Heights, Minnesota: “Speak softly, and carry a big stick.” Two weeks later, Roosevelt became president and “Big Stick diplomacy” defined his leadership.
 
Big Stick diplomacy is the policy of carefully mediated negotiation ("speaking softly") supported by the unspoken threat of a powerful military ("big stick"). The Great White Fleet, a group of American warships that toured the world in a show of peaceful strength, is the leading example of Big Stick diplomacy during Roosevelt’s presidency.
 
President Roosevelt used Big Stick diplomacy in many foreign policy situations. He brokered an agreement for an American-led canal through Panama, expanded American influence in Cuba, and negotiated a peace treaty between Russia and Japan. For this, Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906.
broker
Verb

to negotiate an agreement.

canal
Noun

artificial waterway.

Noun

art and science of maintaining peaceful relationships between nations, groups, or individuals.

expand
Verb

to grow or get larger.

foreign policy
Noun

courses of action or thought that guide a nation's relationship with other nations.

ideal
Adjective

perfect.

influence
Noun

force that effects the actions, behavior, or policies of others.

mediate
Verb

to intervene or bring about change between different people, ideas, or methods of doing something.

Noun

armed forces.

negotiate
Verb

to discuss with others of different viewpoints in order to reach an agreement, contract, or treaty.

Nobel Peace Prize
Noun

award recognizing the contributions of a person or organization to "work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace."

outline
Noun

representation of a boundary or definition.

policy
Noun

set of actions or rules.

threat
Noun

danger.

tour
Verb

to travel from place to place.

Noun

official agreement between groups of people.

warship
Noun

seagoing vessel built for armed conflict.

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