On September 11, 1893, the first World’s Parliament of Religions was held in Chicago, Illinois. The conference, held in conjunction with Chicago’s huge world's fair that year, is generally considered the first interfaith meeting between Eastern and Western spiritual leaders.One of the most dynamic and memorable speakers at the conference was the Hindu monk Vivekananda. Vivekananda introduced thousands of Westerners to Hinduism and how the faith functioned in Indian society.Vivekananda’s speech emphasized the strength and unity common in all religions and spiritualties, and the dangers of religious fanaticism. The speech concluded:“Sectarianism, bigotry, and its horrible descendant, fanaticism, have long possessed this beautiful Earth. They have filled the Earth with violence, drenched it often and often with human blood, destroyed civilization and sent whole nations to despair. Had it not been for these horrible demons, human society would be far more advanced than it is now. But their time is come; and I fervently hope that the bell that tolled this morning in honor of this convention may be the death-knell of all fanaticism, of all persecutions with the sword or with the pen, and of all uncharitable feelings between persons wending their way to the same goal.”
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry bigotry Noun
prejudice or intolerance.
complex way of life that developed as humans began to develop urban settlements.
Encyclopedic Entry: Key Components of Civilization conclude Verb
to end or finish.
meeting for discussion.
combination of items, events, or ideas.
formal meeting, usually with representatives from different regions or parties.
evil spirit or magical creature.
children, grandchildren, and other offspring.
despair noun, verb
to ruin or make useless.
to soak or cover with water.
always changing or in motion.
to stress or place importance on.
irrational, obsessive, or out-of-proportion devotion to something.
to work or work correctly.
religion of the Indian subcontinent with many different sub-types, most based around the idea of "daily morality."
terrible or very bad.
having to do with two or more religions or spiritualities.
to create, begin, or make an idea known for the first time.
sound made by a bell run slowly.
person who has withdrawn from everyday society and lives in service to a religious order.
legislature, usually a democratic government's decision-making body.
process of discriminating against and, often, violently confronting a group of people based on their ethnicity, religion, or beliefs.
to have or own.
a system of spiritual or supernatural belief.
narrow-minded and dedicated to a specific faction of a belief system.
large community, linked through similarities or relationships.
having to do with religion or faith.
to ring a bell so it makes a regular series of loud, slow, single sounds.
not kind or generous.
acts that cause physical harm to another person.
to travel or pursue a direction.
world's fair Noun
large exhibit with international displays.