On September 10, 1964, the Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone, a part of the second UN Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS II), went into effect. This treaty outlined a nation’s rights and responsibilities for commerce and conservation in its coastal and territorial waters.
UNCLOS is one of the most important treaties drafted by the United Nations. The newest version (UNCLOS III, enacted in 1994) defines how nations determine their exclusive economic zones (EEZs), an area 200 nautical miles off a nation’s coast. Within their EEZ, a nation has autonomy over its exploration and exploitation of marine resources, including fishing, mining, and energy production. Outside its EEZ, a nation must cooperate with other signatories of UNCLOS to follow its international regulations.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry autonomy Noun
edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: coast commerce Noun
trade, or the exchange of goods and services.
sketch or outline.
capacity to do work.
exclusive economic zone (EEZ) Noun
zone extending 200 nautical miles off a country's coast. A country has the right to explore and exploit the living and nonliving things in its EEZ.
to use or take advantage of for profit.
study and investigation of unknown places, concepts, or issues.
having to do with more than one country.
having to do with the ocean.
process of extracting ore from the Earth.
rule or law.
available supply of materials, goods, or services. Resources can be natural or human.
official agreement between groups of people.
United Nations Noun
international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.