On September 10, 2008, the Large Hadron Collider powered up for the first time. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a series of superconducting magnets arranged in tunnels beneath the border of France and Switzerland near Geneva, Switzerland.The LHC is nicknamed the “biggest science experiment in the world.” The magnets of the LHC stretch in a ring about 27 kilometers (17 miles) long. Inside the LHC, high-energy particle beams travel at near the speed of light, guided by thousands of magnets. Scientists then carefully force the beams to collide. According to the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), which runs the LHC, “The particles are so tiny that the task of making them collide is akin to firing two needles 10 kilometers apart with such precision that they meet halfway.”The science experiments done with the LHC test different theories of particle physics, the study of the tiny particles that make up matter and radiation. Some of the particles studied by physicists and engineers at the LHC include subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, and even smaller particles such as quarks and photons.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry akin Adjective
natural or artificial line separating two pieces of land.
Encyclopedic Entry: border collide Verb
to crash into.
negatively charged subatomic particle.
person who plans the building of things, such as structures (construction engineer) or substances (chemical engineer).
material that has the ability to physically attract other substances.
material that makes up a substance.
small piece of material.
particle physics Noun
study of the subatomic particles that make up matter and radiation.
smallest unit of light, or electromagnetic radiation.
person who studies the relationship between matter, energy, motion, and force.
positively charged subatomic particle.
subatomic particle that combines with other quarks to form hadrons, such as protons and neutrons.
energy, emitted as waves or particles, radiating outward from a source.
subatomic particle Noun
unit that is part of an atom, such as protons or electrons, or even smaller particles such as quarks and bosons.