On September 1, 1958, the United Kingdom and Iceland began a long series of conflicts over fishing rights in the North Atlantic Ocean. Iceland expanded its territorial waters, while Britain claimed its traditional fishing spots off the Icelandic coast. Both the United Kingdom and Iceland maintained lucrative cod fisheries, so the conflicts were nicknamed the “Cod Wars.”Although the Cod Wars had only one fatality (an Icelandic engineer), the conflict involved many incidents of violence between fishing trawlers and warships. British military vessels rammed Icelandic fishing ships, while the Icelandic Coast Guard routinely cut the nets of British trawlers.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry claim Verb
to demand as a right.
edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: coast coast guard Noun
branch of a nation's armed forces that is responsible for coastal defense and protection of life and property at sea.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
person who plans the building of things, such as structures (construction engineer) or substances (chemical engineer).
exclusive economic zone (EEZ) Noun
zone extending 200 nautical miles off a country's coast. A country has the right to explore and exploit the living and nonliving things in its EEZ.
to grow or get larger.
to enlarge or continue.
to catch or harvest fish.
industry or occupation of harvesting fish, either in the wild or through aquaculture.
event or happening.
profitable or money-making.
to continue, keep up, or support.
outline or border.
to identify or acknowledge.
regularly or scheduled.
very protective of a specific area, especially defending it against intruders.
historic or established by custom.
to fish by dragging a large net along the bottom of the body of water.
craft for traveling on water, usually larger than a rowboat or skiff.
acts that cause physical harm to another person.
seagoing vessel built for armed conflict.