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On October 5, 1994, the United Nations first celebrated World Teachers Day. World Teachers Day recognizes that teachers are the “most powerful force for equity and access to quality education” worldwide.
 
There is a shortage of well-trained, well-supported teachers around the world. This teaching crisis impedes universal primary education (UPE), one of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and an ideal measurement of basic education. Teacher shortages impact the developing world, especially nations in sub-Saharan Africa and the “Arab States,” which stretch from the Maghreb to the Indian Ocean.
 
Events to honor World Teachers Day involve teachers, students, and communities. In Chicago, Illinois, a forum will help articulate ideas for how teachers and other educators influence—and are influenced by—their communities. A conference in New Delhi, India, will focus on how universities can reform their curriculum to better prepare students for jobs after college. In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a theater festival will use a Bangladeshi play about the ancient Greek educator Socrates to honor teachers and the teaching profession.  “Around the World in One Teachers’ Day” is the theme for a celebration in Koronadal, Philippines. 
access
Noun

ability to use.

ancient
Adjective

very old.

articulate
Verb

to clearly and logically explain a thought or pattern.

celebrate
Verb

to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.

conference
Noun

meeting for discussion.

crisis
Noun

event or situation leading to dramatic change.

curriculum
Noun

classes or courses of study offered by a school or a specific school program.

developing world
Noun

nations with low per-capita income, little infrastructure, and a small middle class.

equity
Noun

fairness or impartiality.

forum
Noun

meeting or assembly for the open discussion of ideas.

ideal
Adjective

perfect.

impact
Verb

to influence or have an effect on something.

impede
Verb

to interfere or slow down.

influence
Verb

to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.

Maghreb
Noun

region in North Africa made of five countries: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mauritania.

measurement
Noun

process of determining length, width, mass (weight), volume, distance or some other quality or size.

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
Plural Noun

set of eight goals agreed to by all members of the United Nations, concerning improving the quality of life in the developing world.

Noun

political unit made of people who share a common territory.

philosopher
Noun

person who studies knowledge and the way people use it.

recognize
Verb

to identify or acknowledge.

reform
noun, verb

change or improvement of a policy or process.

rural
Adjective

having to do with country life, or areas with few residents.

shortage
Noun

scarcity or lack.

sub-Saharan Africa
Noun

geographic region located south of the Sahara Desert in Africa.

theater
Noun

building or outdoor space for hosting performances.

United Nations
Noun

international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.

UPE
Noun

(universal primary education) second of the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals, seeking to "ensure that by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling."

urban
Adjective

having to do with city life.