On October 5, 1989, the Dalai Lama won the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his nonviolent campaign to end the Chinese occupation of Tibet. The Dalai Lama is the title of Tibet’s traditional spiritual (Buddhist) and political leader. Tenzin Gyatso, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, is the 14th Dalai Lama. After a failed uprising against Chinese occupation in 1959, the Dalai Lama and the entire Tibetan government were forced into exile. The Tibetan government-in-exile remains in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh, India.

The bodhisattva of compassion, the Dalai Lama has since used nonviolent methods to support the rights of Tibetans and other marginalized groups around the world.

bodhisattva
Noun

in the Buddhist religion, a person who has achieved the highest spiritual enlightenment, but who postpones nirvana in order to help others.

Buddhist
Noun

person who follows the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha).

compassionate
Adjective

having to do with sympathy and a desire to help others.

Dalai Lama
Noun

leader of Tibet.

exile
Noun

forced ejection from a country, or a person who feels forced to leave.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

marginalize
Verb

to reduce the significance or importance of something.

Nobel Peace Prize
Noun

award recognizing the contributions of a person or organization to "work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace."

political
Adjective

having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.

spiritual
Noun

religious song, often a traditional folk melody.

Tibetan Plateau
Noun

flat, elevated landform located in Tibet, China, and India. Also known as the "rooftop of the world."