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On October 31, 2011, the United Nations Population Fund recognized the “Day of 7 Billion.” The date was symbolic (the milestone may have been reached in 2010 or 2012), as were the “seven billionth person” titles given to babies born in India, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines.
 
A human population of 7 billion brings unique challenges, many of them related to gender equity and economic development. The UN recognized seven key issues that our growing population must address:
    • Poverty and Inequality: Breaking the Cycle
    • Women and Girls: Empowerment and Progress
    • Young People: Forging the Future
    • Reproductive Health and Rights: The Facts of Life
    • Environment: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
    • Ageing: An Unprecedented Challenge
    • Urbanization: Planning for Growth
economic development
Noun

rise in the standard of living of a community, including jobs, health care, and educational opportunities for residents.

empower
Verb

to give authority or power.

environment
Noun

conditions that surround and influence an organism or community.

equity
Noun

fairness or impartiality.

gender
Noun

physical, cultural, and social aspects of sexual identity.

health
Noun

condition of an organism's body and mind.

human population
Noun

distinct group of people who share a language, culture, economic status, or physical proximity.

milestone
Noun

important event or stage in development.

poverty
Noun

status of having very little money or material goods.

symbolic
Adjective

serving as a representation of something.

unique
Adjective

one of a kind.

United Nations
Noun

international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.

Noun

process in which there is an increase in the number of people living and working in a city or metropolitan area.

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