The Marmaray rail line connects the European and Asian sides of Istanbul, Turkey, through a tunnel 60 meters (198 feet) underneath the Bosporus Strait.

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    On October 29, 2013, the first section of the Marmaray opened in Istanbul, Turkey. The Marmaray is a rail line that connects Europe and Asia beneath the historic Bosporus Strait.
    Turkish officials have nicknamed the Marmaray the “Iron Silk Road” after the ancient trade route linking China and the Mediterranean basin. When complete, the Marmaray will be the first nonstop rail line connecting China to Europe.
    “The Silk Road is in need of being resurrected for the purposes of re-connecting vital trade arteries between Asia and Europe by rail,” said the Turkish transport minister.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    ancient Adjective

    very old.

    city Noun

    large settlement with a high population density.

    complete Verb

    to finish.

    iron Noun

    chemical element with the symbol Fe.

    Mediterranean basin Noun

    land that surrounds the Mediterranean Sea.

    public transportation Noun

    methods of movement that are available to all community members for a fee, and which follow a fixed route and schedule: buses, subways, trains and ferries.

    rail line Noun

    railroad line, or a road having a permanent line of fixed rails for trains to use.

    resurrect Verb

    to bring back to life.

    Silk Road Noun

    ancient trade route through Central Asia linking China and the Mediterranean Sea.

    strait Noun

    narrow passage of water that connects two larger bodies of water.

    Encyclopedic Entry: strait
    trade Noun

    buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.

    trade route Noun

    path followed by merchants or explorers to exchange goods and services.

    vital Adjective

    necessary or very important.