On October 26, 1881, lawmen and outlaws faced off in the famous “Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.” The Tombstone, Arizona, gunfight has come to symbolize the “Wild West” of the American frontier in the late 1800s. 
 
The famous gunfight did not actually take place in Tombstone’s O.K. Corral. It happened in a vacant lot next to a boarding house where gunfight participant John Henry “Doc” Holliday was staying. There, town marshal Virgil Earp met with his brothers Morgan and Wyatt, and their friend Doc. The Earps and Holliday all had criminal backgrounds, but represented “law and order” business interests in Tombstone.
 
On the other side of the conflict were five members of the Cowboys, a loosely organized rural gang. The Cowboys were accused of being thieves and cattle rustlers, although several were also landowners and legal ranchers. The Cowboys represented the “untamed” interests of the Old West, and had the unofficial support of the county sheriff
 
The competing economic interests of the urban town and rural county were represented by competing newspapers—the Epitaph (which generally supported the Earps) and the Nugget (which generally supported the Cowboys).
 
The Earps and Holliday walked away from the gunfight, which lasted about 30 seconds. Three Cowboys were killed, and the Earps and Holliday were found not guilty in their deaths. The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral began a series of attacks that lasted more than a year. Eventually, the Earps left Arizona for the even wilder New Mexico Territory. Over the years, the Cowboys were arrested, killed in violent conflicts with other outlaws or lawmen, or simply forced out of business as infrastructure and governmenttamed” the Wild West.
accuse
Verb

to blame or charge with a fault or crime.

arrest
Verb

to take into legal custody.

business
Noun

sale of goods and services, or a place where such sales take place.

cattle rustler
Noun

person who steals cattle. Also called a cattle raider or (in Australia) a duffer.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

corral
Noun

enclosed area, usually for livestock.

Noun

political unit smaller than a state or province, but typically larger than a city, town, or other municipality.

criminal
Noun

person convicted of a crime.

economic
Adjective

having to do with money.

frontier
Noun

largely unpopulated area that is slowly being opened up for settlement.

gang
Noun

group of people gathered for a criminal enterprise.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

infrastructure
Noun

structures and facilities necessary for the functioning of a society, such as roads.

law
Noun

public rule.

marshal
Noun

federal law-enforcement officer.

outlaw
Verb

to make illegal or against the law.

rancher
Noun

person who owns or manages a livestock farm (ranch).

represent
Verb

to stand for a person, community, or idea.

rural
Adjective

having to do with country life, or areas with few residents.

sheriff
Noun

law enforcement officer, usually of a county.

symbolize
Verb

to represent an object, idea, organization, or geographical region.

tame
Verb

to domesticate or make useful for humans.

territory
Noun

land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.

town
Noun

human settlement larger than a village and smaller than a city.

urban
Adjective

having to do with city life.

vacant
Adjective

empty or abandoned.

violent
Noun

strong, destructive force.