Pablo Picasso was an amazingly diverse artist, but his most famous work is probably "Guernica," above, which depicts the bombing of a town during the Spanish Civil War.

Photograph by O. Louis Mazzatenta, National Geographic

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  • On October 25, 1881, Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain. Picasso would become one of the most famous artists the world has ever known. He produced more than 50,000 works, including sculpture, ceramics, collage, and murals. He is most famous, however, for his paintings. Picasso was one of the pioneers of a style of art known as Cubism. In Cubist paintings, objects and people are disassembled and their individual parts reduced to simple shapes and colors.

    Picasso famously said, “Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth.” One of his most famous paintings is “Guernica,” which depicts the bombing of a town during the Spanish Civil War. The large canvas and vivid images of suffering people and animals is a powerful artistic statement against the horrors of war.

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    canvas Noun

    heavy, woven cloth.

    Civil War Noun

    (1860-1865) American conflict between the Union (north) and Confederacy (south).

    mural Noun

    artwork painted directly on a wall.

    pioneer Noun

    person who is among the first to do something.

    reduce Verb

    to lower or lessen.

    vivid Adjective

    very intense and full of life.