On October 24, 1945, the United Nations (UN) was founded in San Francisco, California. The United Nations is an international organization charged with providing international law, monitoring human rights, encouraging economic progress, and working towards world peace. Most of the countries in the world, 192 states, are members of the UN. The UN oversees peacekeeping forces that help settle conflicts between member nations, but has no police force or military of its own to enforce its decisions.

The UN has many departments and divisions to deal with specific issues, but the two main leadership bodies are the General Assembly and the Security Council. The General Assembly is composed of representatives from all member states, with each member getting one vote. The Security Council is responsible for maintaining peace among member nations, and is made up of five permanent members (United States, United Kingdom, Russia, France, and China) and 10 rotating members. The headquarters of the United Nations is in New York City.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

economic
Adjective

having to do with money.

human rights
Noun

basic freedoms belonging to every individual, including the rights to social and political expression, spirituality, and opportunity.

Noun

unit made up of governments or groups in different countries, usually for a specific purpose.

law
Noun

public rule.

military
Noun

armed forces.

Monitor
Noun

(1861-1862) steam-powered military ship protected by metal plates (an "ironclad") commissioned by the U.S. Navy during the Civil War.

police
Noun

local, state, or national government organization for law enforcement.

representative
Noun

someone or something who acts in place of a group of people.

United Nations
Noun

international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.

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