On October 22, 1962, U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced a “quarantine” of Cuba, in retaliation for the discovery of Soviet nuclear weapon facilities on the island a week earlier. This brought the conflict known as the Cuban Missile Crisis to a diplomatic height.Kennedy and his advisers (including Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and Attorney General Robert Kennedy, who chronicled the Cuban Missile Crisis in his book Thirteen Days) made sure to announce a “quarantine” and not a “blockade” of Cuba.A blockade prevents all trade and travel from taking place around a specific area. A blockade is officially an act of war, and the Kennedy administration did not want to directly confront the Soviet Union. A quarantine only prevented “all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba.” U.S. Navy ships were deployed around Cuba to prevent Soviet freighters from delivering nuclear missiles or the material to maintain and launch them.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry administration Noun
responsibilities and policies of the executive branch of the United States government, led by a president, his or her cabinet, and his or her advisers.
person who offers informed advice about an issue.
to proclaim or make known publicly.
military isolation of a specific area.
to exist on the edge of a boundary.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
to address a problem or person directly.
to move military troops, support personnel, and equipment.
skillful and respectful in dealing with people or communities.
something seen, documented, or noticed for the first time.
tools and materials to perform a task or function.
large ship used for carrying heavy cargo, or freight.
nuclear weapon Noun
explosive device that draws power from the splitting and combining of atomic nuclei.
invading or attacking, not defending.
enforced isolation, usually to prevent the spread of disease.
system of government where power rests in citizens who vote and representatives who stand for those citizens. The United States is a republic.
reprisal, or an act taken in response to an injury or offense.
Soviet Union Noun
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
movement from one place to another.
large-scale armed conflict.
to remove or retract.