On October 21, 1097, the People’s Crusade ended in failure as Muslim Turks defeated Christian European invaders in what is today northwestern Turkey. The Crusades were a series of conflicts in which Christians (mostly western Europeans) tried to take control of the Holy Land from Muslim leaders.Thousands of French, German, Italian, and other European peasants engaged in the People’s Crusade. After meeting in Cologne, Germany, the group fought among themselves as they made their way through regions of what are now Hungary, Serbia, and northern Turkey. They also led pogroms, or organized massacres, of Jews in Central Europe. These pogroms became known as the Rhineland Massacres—some of the first Christian-led pogroms in recorded history.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Anatolia Noun
part of the country of Turkey located in Asia.
people and culture focused on the teachings of Jesus and his followers.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
Crusades Plural Noun
series of wars in which medieval European kingdoms attempted to gain control of the Middle East or "Holy Land."
to overcome an enemy or obstacle.
to train or control.
to interact with.
Holy Land Noun
ancient kingdom on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, of historic significance to Jews, Christians and Muslims.
to enter and attack.
mass killing of large number of people.
having to do with Islam, the religion based on the words and philosophy of the prophet Mohammed.
to coordinate and give structure to.
person of low social rank and little social mobility in medieval society, usually a small farmer, farmworker, or owner of a houshold industry.
organized, mass killing of Jews.
to preserve observations with notes, drawings, photographs, audio or video recordings.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region