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On October 2, 2007, the United Nations first celebrated the International Day of Non-Violence. The day was chosen to honor the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, a pioneering strategist in the philosophy of nonviolence and a leader in India’s independence movement. 
 
Nonviolent resistance includes marches, sit-ins, boycotts, demonstrations, and peaceful protests.
 
Gandhi’s influence can be seen in the nonviolent resistance offered by civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., and Cesar Chavez. Leaders in national struggles, such as Nelson Mandela in South Africa and Aung San Suu Kyi in Burma, have also been inspired by Gandhian nonviolence.
boycott
Verb

to stop using or buying a product, or to stop using or buying products at a specific location, usually to make a social or political statement.

celebrate
Verb

to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.

civil rights
Plural Noun

set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.

demonstration
Noun

organized public display of support or criticism for a policy or event.

honor
Verb

to highly respect or recognize as superior.

independence
Noun

state or situation of being free.

influence
Noun

force that effects the actions, behavior, or policies of others.

inspire
Verb

to influence to act.

Mahatma Gandhi
Noun

(Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, 1869-1948) leader of Indian independence movement.

movement
Noun

group of people or organizations with a common set of interests and plan for pursuing them.

nonviolence
Noun

philosophy of rejecting physical force and transforming society through peaceful protest.

philosophy
Noun

the study of the basic principles of knowledge.

pioneer
Verb

to lead the way or be among the first to do something.

political
Adjective

having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.

protest
noun, verb

demonstration against a policy or action.

resistance
Noun

the act of opposing something.

sit-in
Noun

demonstration where protesters occupy a space and refuse to leave it.

strategist
Noun

expert in careful planning toward a goal (strategy).

United Nations
Noun

international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.