On October 17, 1973, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), a group of the world’s 12 leading oil-exporting nations, decided to reduce the amount of oil available to the United States. This “oil weapon” was used in response to U.S. assistance to Israel during the 1973 Arab-Israeli war (also called the Yom Kippur War).
In one year, the price of oil in the U.S. increased fourfold, largely due to the embargo. Gasoline was rationed and drivers faced long lines at gas stations. In an attempt to conserve energy, year-round daylight savings time was implemented for 1974. Homes and businesses reduced energy use by turning off unused machines and turning out lights. The embargo caused a surge of interest in solar power, wind power, and other alternative energy sources.
In 1974, OPEC announced the end of the embargo, and oil consumption in the United States went back up.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry conserve Verb
to save or use wisely.
process of using goods and services.
daylight savings Noun
practice of moving one hour forward in the spring (spring forward) and one hour backward in the fall (fall back) to gain an extra hour of daylight.
to outlaw trade of a certain good or service, or to outlaw trade from a certain place.
capacity to do work.
liquid mixture made from oil and used to run many motor vehicles.
to carry out plans.
political unit made of people who share a common territory.
Encyclopedic Entry: nation oil Noun
fossil fuel formed from the remains of marine plants and animals. Also known as petroleum or crude oil.
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. As of winter 2018, OPEC members are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
to supply people with a fixed amount of food or another good or service.
to lower or lessen.
solar power Noun
rate of producing, transferring, or using solar energy.
wind power Noun
rate of producing, transferring, or using wind energy, usually measured in watts.