On October 15, 2008, the world first celebrated Global Handwashing Day. According to the Centers for Disease Control, “Good hand hygiene is one of the most critical control strategies in outbreak management.”Handwashing can reduce outbreaks of dysentery and pneumonia, the two most common causes of child mortality around the world. Handwashing can also reduce the spread of the cold, flu, and illnesses caused by exposure to harmful chemicals, bacteria, viruses, and dirt.One of the most effective ways to promote good “hand hygiene” is the tippy tap. The tippy tap is a simple, affordable, and ingenious way to reach communities in the developing world who live in rural areas where there is limited running water.The tippy tap is a device that uses inexpensive and widely available materials (such as sticks or poles), a jug of water, and soap. It is easily constructed and operated by a foot lever, which reduces the chances of transmitting bacteria on the device. Communities in India, Uganda, the Dominican Republic, Kenya, Laos, South Sudan, Ecuador, and Haiti have established tippy taps to promote good hand hygiene and reduce deadly disease outbreaks.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry affordable Adjective
reasonably priced, not expensive.
ready for use.
bacteria Plural Noun
(singular: bacterium) single-celled organisms found in every ecosystem on Earth.
to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.
molecular properties of a substance.
child mortality Noun
death of children under the age of five.
to build or erect.
contact lens Noun
small plastic disk that fits over the cornea (eyeball) to correct vision.
developing world Noun
nations with low per-capita income, little infrastructure, and a small middle class.
tool or piece of machinery.
frequent bowel movements.
dry earth or soil.
harmful condition of a body part or organ.
possibly fatal disease with severe, bloody diarrhea.
useful or able to perform a task.
to form or officially organize.
trash or waste material.
science and methods of keeping clean and healthy.
not costing a lot of money.
very clever or smart.
harm or damage.
bar that pivots on a fixed support, or fulcrum, and is most often used to move an object at a second point by a force applied to a third point.
to control or manage.
sudden occurrence or rapid increase.
infection where lungs fill with fluid.
to encourage or help.
irritating skin eruption.
to lower or lessen.
rural area Noun
regions with low population density and large amounts of undeveloped land. Also called "the country."
Encyclopedic Entry: rural area tippy tap Noun
device using a jug of water, soap, and simple construction materials to provide a hands-free way to wash your hands.
to pass along information or communicate.
pathogenic agent that lives and multiplies in a living cell.