On October 14, 1066, Duke William of Normandy ended the Anglo-Saxon period in British history with his victory at the Battle of Hastings, England. This battle is so pivotal in the history of Western Civilization that the year “1066” is often used to refer to the event, and the victor’s nickname has gone down in history as “William the Conqueror.”William was the leader of Normandy, a region in northwest France with cultural ties to the island kingdoms of Great Britain just across the English Channel. In fact, William had previously met and corresponded with Harold Godwinson, the English king his forces confronted and killed at the Battle of Hastings.The Norman conquest of England had long-lasting consequences. After crowning himself king in December, William (now William I of England) immediately began to replace almost all English landowners and religious leaders with his own supporters from France. Thousands of displaced English families relocated to Scotland, Ireland, Scandinavia, and even what is today Turkey. William then organized the first census of his kingdom, known as the Domesday Book. The Domesday Book recorded the property and resources owned by almost every person in England and parts of Wales. This census allowed William to assess the financial, military, and cultural value of the kingdom, as well as estimate the taxes he could charge his new subjects.Perhaps the most long-lasting consequence of the Norman conquest is the emergence of the modern English language. Prior to the invasion, English kings spoke an Anglo-Saxon dialect now known as Old English. William introduced Anglo-Norman, now known as Old French, as the language spoken at court, a tradition that would last hundreds of years. The blending of Anglo-Saxon and French would lead to the development of Middle English and modern English.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Anglo-Saxon Adjective
having to do with England or Great Britain before the Norman invasion in 1066.
to evaluate or determine the amount of.
to reach a conclusion by mathematical or logical methods.
program of a nation, state, or other region that counts the population and usually gives its characteristics, such as age and gender.
Encyclopedic Entry: census confront Verb
to address a problem or person directly.
to match or be similar to.
monarch or other noble person and the group of people who serve, advise, and consult with them, or the place where this group meets.
to overcome an enemy or obstacle.
distinct variation of a language, usually marked by accents and grammar.
to remove or force to evacuate.
Domesday Book Noun
(1086) census and survey of England, noting ownership of land and assets.
among British nobility, a man with the highest rank outside the royal family.
to develop or come into view.
to guess based on knowledge of the situation or object.
having to do with money.
at once or quickly.
to create, begin, or make an idea known for the first time.
an attack or move to take possession.
type of government with a king or queen as its leader, or the land ruled by that king or queen.
Encyclopedic Entry: kingdom language Noun
set of sounds, gestures, or symbols that allows people to communicate.
to move from one place or activity to another.
to coordinate and give structure to.
very important or crucial point.
earlier, or the one before.
before or ahead of.
goods or materials (including land) owned by someone.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
Encyclopedic Entry: region relocate Verb
to move a residence or business from one place to another.
available supply of materials, goods, or services. Resources can be natural or human.
region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark.
person under the authority of a monarch or other powerful ruler.
money or goods citizens provide to government in return for public services such as military protection.
beliefs, customs, and cultural characteristics handed down from one generation to the next.
success or triumph.
Western Civilization Noun
civilizations of European origin.