On October 11, 1884, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City, New York. Eleanor Roosevelt would become the longest-serving first lady in American history, during her husband Franklin’s presidency from 1933-1945. Eleanor Roosevelt was such a powerful and influential political figure that President Harry Truman nicknamed her the “First Lady of the World.”As first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt supported expanding civil and economic rights to all Americans. She is perhaps most well-known for her early support of the African American civil rights movement. She invited many African Americans to the White House, regularly met with African American leaders, advocated for equality in opportunities and benefits offered by the New Deal, and arranged for the appointment of educator Mary McLeod Bethune to a position with the National Youth Authority.During World War II, Eleanor Roosevelt warned against prejudice toward Japanese Americans. “Let’s be honest,” she said, “There is a chance now for great hysteria against minority groups—loyal American-born Japanese and Germans . . . [They] must not feel that they have suddenly ceased to be Americans.”
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry advocate Verb
to argue in favor of something.
to assign to a position.
to prepare or put in order.
to pull toward or cause to unite.
to stop or end.
civil rights movement Noun
(~1954-1968) process to establish equal rights for all people in the United States, focusing on the rights of African Americans.
belief or trust in something.
having to do with money.
Eleanor Roosevelt Noun
(1884-1962) American diplomat and first lady (wife of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt).
to inspire or support a person or idea.
to grow or get larger.
first lady Noun
wife of the president of the United States.
people and culture native to the southwestern U.S.
irrational outburst of emotion, usually fear or anger.
person who moves to a new country or region.
important; having the ability to lead the opinions or attitudes of others.
ability to learn and understand.
ability to act out of compassion, respect, and sympathy.
faithfulness or consistency.
Native American Noun
person whose ancestors were native inhabitants of North or South America. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people.
people and culture native to the southwestern United States.
New Deal Noun
(1933-1938) series of U.S. government programs intended to provide economic "relief, recovery, and reform" to Americans during the Great Depression.
not beautiful, unremarkable.
having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.
unfair feeling for or against someone or something without basis in reason.
acceptance and notice.
specific freedom or opportunity granted to an individual or organization based on the law.
working class Noun
social class of workers, usually performing manual labor.
World War II Noun
(1939-1945) armed conflict between the Allies (represented by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union) and the Axis (represented by Germany, Italy, and Japan.)