On November 6, 1494, Suleyman I, sultan of the Ottoman Empire, was born in Trabzon in what is today Turkey. Suleyman I led the Ottoman Empire for more than 45 years, and became one of the most powerful monarchs in 16th-century Europe, Asia, or Africa. Today, the sultan is known as “Suleyman the Magnificent.”Suleyman the Magnificent led the Ottoman Empire to its greatest political and cultural influence. Under Suleyman, the empire (based in what is today Turkey and Greece) controlled the entire eastern Mediterranean Basin, with territory stretching from what is today Tunisia, to the Fertile Crescent, and as far north as Hungary and Romania. The Ottoman navy controlled trade routes and ports on the Mediterranean, Black, and Red Seas.Suleyman, nicknamed the “Lawgiver” by his subjects, helped establish a system of government that the Ottoman Empire would follow for more than 100 years. He also was a patron of the arts, overseeing the development of calligraphy and Islamic architecture throughout the empire. Public buildings created or renovated under Suleyman’s reign include mosques, schools, and even the tile façade of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry architecture Noun
style and design of buildings or open spaces.
decorative handwriting or script.
learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.
group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.
to form or officially organize.
decorative front of a building.
Fertile Crescent Noun
region extending from the eastern Mediterranean coast through Southwest Asia to the Persian Gulf.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
force that effects the actions, behavior, or policies of others.
religion based on the words and philosophy of the prophet Mohammed.
Mediterranean basin Noun
land that surrounds the Mediterranean Sea.
king or queen.
place of worship in the Muslim or Islamic religion.
military ships and crew.
Ottoman Empire Noun
(1299-1923) empire based in Turkey and stretching throughout southern Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa.
person who supports an artist, artistic endeavor, or institution.
having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.
place on a body of water where ships can tie up or dock and load and unload cargo.
Encyclopedic Entry: port reign Verb
to rule as a monarch.
to restore or make better.
large part of the ocean enclosed or partly enclosed by land.
Encyclopedic Entry: sea subject Noun
person under the authority of a monarch or other powerful ruler.
soverign of an Islamic country, often referring to the Ottoman Empire.
land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.
trade route Noun
path followed by merchants or explorers to exchange goods and services.