On November 5, 1605, Catholic revolutionary Guy Fawkes was arrested while trying to bomb the Houses of Parliament in London, England. Guy Fawkes Day celebrates the failure of this “Gunpowder Plot” to overthrow the government of King James I.Two hundred years later, folk rhymes about Fawkes and the Gunpowder Plot described the events.Remember, remember!The fifth of November,I know of no reasonWhy the Gunpowder treasonShould ever be forgot!Guy Fawkes and his companionsTo blow the King and ParliamentAll up alive.Threescore barrels, laid below,To prove old England's overthrow.But, by God's providence, him they catch,With a dark lantern, lighting a match!A stick and a stakeFor King James's sake!If you won't give me one,I'll take two,The better for me,And the worse for you.A rope, a rope, to hang the Pope,A penn'orth of cheese to choke him,A pint of beer to wash it down,And a jolly good fire to burn him.Holloa, boys! holloa, boys! make the bells ring!Holloa, boys! holloa boys! God save the King!Hip, hip, hooor-r-r-ray!Although Guy Fawkes Day began as passionately anti-Catholic, today it is celebrated as a civic holiday. Fireworks and parties are common, as are bonfires where effigies of “the Guy” are burned. The reputation of Guy Fawkes himself has also been somewhat restored. Stylized representations of his face have become popular symbols of dissent around the world, most famously as masks worn by members of the hacktivist group Anonymous.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry arrest Verb
to take into legal custody.
explosive device, usually a projectile.
large outdoor fire.
having to do with the Christian denomination with the Pope as its leader.
to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.
having to do with citizenship or public service.
to plan or scheme.
to disagree with the majority opinion.
sculptural representation of a disliked public figure.
lack of success.
style of music or art based on peasant or traditional culture.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
mixture of chemicals (potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur), used in weapons and fireworks, that explodes when ignited.
hactivist Noun person who gains unauthorized access to a computer system in order to pursue a political or social agenda. parliament Noun
legislature, usually a democratic government's decision-making body.
enthusiastic and emotional.
secret plan or scheme.
leader of the Catholic Church.
divine care and guidance.
symbol of something.
estimation or value in which a person or thing is held.
to renew or bring back to an earlier position or state of health.
overthrow or total change of government.
structure or diagram of the way information is studied, documented, and understood.
to depict in a formal and nonrealistic style.
something used to represent something else.
crime of planning to overthrow the government.