On November 28, 1908, French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss was born in Brussels, Belgium. Lévi-Strauss would come to be known as the “father of anthropology.” He compared cognitive structures of "civilized" and "primitive" peoples, arguing that human characteristics are the same everywhere, from the most technologically advanced societies to the least-developed cultures.
 
Lévi-Strauss helped the scientific community realize that the differences between cultures are smaller and more nuanced than previously thought. His four-volume work Mythologiques (1973) introduces a myth from the Bororo people of the Amazon basin, and traces its characteristics in more than 180 related myths, from the tip of South America to the Arctic Circle.
anthropologist
Noun

person who studies cultures and characteristics of communities and civilizations.

Noun

a dip or depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor.

characteristic
Noun

physical, cultural, or psychological feature of an organism, place, or object.

myth
Noun

legend or traditional story.

nuance
Noun

very slight difference in meaning or response.

primitive
Adjective

simple or crude.

technology
Noun

the science of using tools and complex machines to make human life easier or more profitable.

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