On November 17, 1558, Elizabeth I became queen of England. Elizabeth would remain queen for 44 years, one of the most powerful monarchs in European history.The reign of Elizabeth I is known as the “Elizabethan Era.” Many historians regard this time as a “golden age” in British history, when the arts, political thought, and military strength flourished. The artist most associated with the Elizabethan Era is the playwright William Shakespeare. Elizabeth and her advisers created a political climate that allowed England to enjoy a long period of relative peace and prosperity. The military strength of the Elizabethan state is remembered by the maritime defeat of the mighty Spanish Armada.The Elizabethan Era is also marked by a period of exploration and expansion of the British Empire. Under Elizabeth I’s reign, British explorer Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe, British explorer Martin Frobisher’s search for the Northwest Passage led him to explore the Canadian Arctic, and British explorer Sir Walter Raleigh searched for the “Lost City of Gold” in South America. It was also during the Elizabethan Era that the British Empire established its first colony in what would become the United States, the ill-fated Roanoke Colony. In fact, the U.S. state of Virginia is named after Elizabeth—the Virgin Queen.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry adviser Noun
person who offers informed advice about an issue.
region at Earth's extreme north, encompassed by the Arctic Circle.
Encyclopedic Entry: Arctic associate Verb
to go completely around something (usually the Earth).
people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.
to develop or come into view.
group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.
to form or officially organize.
process of enlarging.
study and investigation of unknown places, concepts, or issues.
to thrive or be successful.
scale model of the Earth, or sometimes used to mean the Earth itself.
Encyclopedic Entry: globe hire Verb
to employ, or put to work for money or other goods.
person who studies events and ideas of the past.
having to do with the ocean.
king or queen.
New World Noun
the Western Hemisphere, made up of the Americas and their islands.
Northwest Passage Noun
waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.
success or good fortune.
to rule as a monarch.
person who has not had sex.