Audience versions of this page: FamilyOn November 12, 1954, the immigrant-processing center at Ellis Island, New York, closed down. Ellis Island was the largest and most active immigration center in the United States, and had become a symbol of the hopes and challenges facing new immigrants to the country.In the 62 years it was open, Ellis Island processed more than 12 million people seeking a better life and the “American Dream.” The busiest year was 1907, when more than a million people passed through Ellis Island, most of them Italian, European Jews, Polish, and German.Today, immigration facilities and demographics are very different. Immigration detention facilities, for instance, are now operated by both the federal government and private industry. The largest facilities are in Puerto Rico, California, New York, Arizona, and Texas. Most new immigrants to the United States come from Mexico, China, and India.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry American Dream Noun
set of ideals including personal freedom, equality, and the opportunity for economic and social prosperity.
geographic territory with a distinct name, flag, population, boundaries, and government.
having to do with the social characteristics and statistics of a population.
state of being in custody or confinement.
test or observation of specific qualities.
having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
person who moves to a new country or region.
having to do with the study of medicine or healing.
to control or manage.
private industry Noun
business not funded by the government.
to enroll or be recorded in a list or database.
person who works aboard a ship.
something used to represent something else.