On May 27, 1994, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia after 20 years of exile. Solzhenitsyn (pronounced sol-zhen-EET-zihn) was a dissident, meaning he questioned and often disagreed with the authority of the Soviet Union, which was then the government of Russia.Solzhenitsyn had been a dissident almost his entire life. In 1945, he was sentenced to eight years in a gulag, or Soviet work camp, for criticizing Soviet leader Josef Stalin. His first and best-known novel, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, was based on Solzhenitsyn’s time in the gulag.Solzhenitsyn won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970. His mammoth, three-volume history of the prison system, The Gulag Archipelago, was banned in the Soviet Union, and Solzhenitsyn was exiled when the book was published abroad in 1974. The author spent most of his exile in the U.S. state of Vermont.After the fall of the Soviet Union, Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia, where he embarked on a nationwide tour. True to form, he criticized the new Russian government, accusing it of political and economic oppression. Despite his dissent, he and Russian leader Vladimir Putin formed a friendship before Solzhenitsyn’s death in 2008.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry abroad Adverb
in a foreign country.
person or organization responsible for making decisions.
to prohibit, or not allow.
to find fault with something.
someone who disagrees with public opinion or authority.
having to do with money.
to leave or set off on a journey.
forced ejection from a country, or a person who feels forced to leave.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
forced-labor camp of the Soviet Union.
to unjustly discriminate against, torment, or persecute.
having to do with public policy, government, administration, or elected office.
to provide a written piece of work, such as a book or newspaper, for sale or distribution.
Soviet Union Noun
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.