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On May 22, 2000, the world celebrated the first International Day for Biological Diversity. The date honors the day the first of 168 nations signed the Convention on Biological Diversity at the United Nations “Earth Summit” in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992.
 
The Convention on Biological Diversity has seven major components, called “focal areas”:
 
Each year, the UN chooses a theme for the International Day for Biological Diversity. In 2002, for instance, the theme focused on “Forest Biodiversity.” In 2018, the theme is “Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity.”
Noun

all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.

capacity
Noun

ability.

celebrate
Verb

to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.

coral reef
Noun

rocky ocean features made up of millions of coral skeletons.

developing world
Noun

nations with low per-capita income, little infrastructure, and a small middle class.

Noun

community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.

financial
Adjective

having to do with money.

forest
Noun

ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.

fungi
Plural Noun

(singular: fungus) organisms that survive by decomposing and absorbing nutrients in organic material such as soil or dead organisms.

genetic
Adjective

having to do with genes, inherited characteristics or heredity.

innovation
Noun

something new.

integrity
Noun

honor, or loyalty to moral and ethical principles.

Noun

body of land surrounded by water.

microbe
Noun

tiny organism, usually a bacterium.

plankton
Plural Noun

(singular: plankton) microscopic aquatic organisms.

summit
Noun

meeting or conference of top leaders.

sustainable
Adjective

able to be continued at the same rate for a long period of time.

United Nations
Noun

international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.