On May 22, 2000, the world celebrated the first International Day for Biological Diversity. The date honors the day the first of 168 nations signed the Convention on Biological Diversity at the United Nations “Earth Summit” in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992.The Convention on Biological Diversity has seven major components, called “focal areas”:
Each year, the UN chooses a theme for the International Day for Biological Diversity. In 2002, for instance, the theme focused on “Forest Biodiversity.” In 2018, the theme is “Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity.”
- protect biodiversity
- promote sustainable use
- address threats to biodiversity
- maintain ecosystem integrity, including ensuring goods and services from biodiversity support human well-being
- protect traditional knowledge, innovation, and practice
- ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources
- improve financial, human, scientific, technical, and technological capacity, especially in the developing world
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry biodiversity Noun
all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.
Encyclopedic Entry: biodiversity capacity Noun
to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.
coral reef Noun
rocky ocean features made up of millions of coral skeletons.
developing world Noun
nations with low per-capita income, little infrastructure, and a small middle class.
community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.
Encyclopedic Entry: ecosystem financial Adjective
having to do with money.
ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.
fungi Plural Noun
(singular: fungus) organisms that survive by decomposing and absorbing nutrients in organic material such as soil or dead organisms.
having to do with genes, inherited characteristics or heredity.
honor, or loyalty to moral and ethical principles.
body of land surrounded by water.
Encyclopedic Entry: island microbe Noun
tiny organism, usually a bacterium.
plankton Plural Noun
(singular: plankton) microscopic aquatic organisms.
meeting or conference of top leaders.
able to be continued at the same rate for a long period of time.
United Nations Noun
international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.