On May 12, 1974, the world first celebrated International Nurses’ Day, honoring the contributions nurses make to global health and prosperity. The date was chosen because May 12 is the birthday of British nurse Florence Nightingale (born in 1820), considered the founder of modern nursing.Nurses are often the primary health-care providers in communities around the world. The services they provide are as varied as health care itself. Some nurses provide preventative care, such as nutritional advice or vaccinations. Others may provide care for patients suffering from illnesses such as cancer or diabetes. Nurses may also treat injuries, such as broken bones or burns. Some may take responsibility for maternity care and children’s health. Still others tend to patients in the last days of life.Each year, a different theme is chosen for International Nurses’ Day, focusing on different aspects of health and well-being provided by nurses. The theme for 2017 is “Nurses: A Voice to Lead—Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.” Earlier themes include “Closing the Gap: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)” (2013) and “Partnership for Community Health” (1998).
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry aspect Noun
view or interpretation.
growth of abnormal cells in the body.
to observe or mark an important event with public and private ceremonies or festivities.
person who is not in the military.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
developing world Noun
nations with low per-capita income, little infrastructure, and a small middle class.
disease where the body is unable to produce or regulate certain types of carbohydrates.
to stress or place importance on.
condition of an organism's body and mind.
health care Noun
system for addressing the physical health of a population.
disease or sickness.
having to do with motherhood.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Plural Noun
set of eight goals agreed to by all members of the United Nations, concerning improving the quality of life in the developing world.
process by which living organisms obtain food or nutrients, and use it for growth.
to keep something from happening.
first or most important.
success or good fortune.
having to do with country life, or areas with few residents.
promotion of hygiene, health, and cleanliness.
innoculation with a vaccine, or modified microorganism, to prevent disease.
able to be seen.
necessary or very important.