On March 31, 1927, Cesar Chavez was born in Yuma, Arizona. Today, many states recognize March 31 as Cesar Chavez Day.Chavez, a migrant farmworker, became a civil rights activist and labor organizer. He helped found the influential United Farm Workers (UFW) union, and tirelessly worked to organize working class white, Mexican American, and Filipino farmworkers. The UFW supported greater safety measures, increased wages, and improved working conditions for farmworkers. Chavez himself engaged in strikes, boycotts, and even hunger strikes.Cesar Chavez Day is honored as a “day of service and learning.” The day is a public holiday in California, Colorado, and Texas. Michigan, Arizona, Nebraska, and New Mexico also honor the holiday with debates and public-service events recognizing labor, civil rights, and the principles of non-violence.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry boycott Verb
to stop using or buying a product, or to stop using or buying products at a specific location, usually to make a social or political statement.
civil rights Plural Noun
set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.
Encyclopedic Entry: crop debate Verb
to argue or disagree in a formal setting.
to become actively involved with something.
Great Depression Noun
(1929-1941) period of very low economic activity in the U.S. and throughout the world.
food or other goods sold at a general store.
hunger strike Noun
refusal to eat, usually to protest a social or political injustice.
important; having the ability to lead the opinions or attitudes of others.
work or employment.
migrant noun, adjective
person who regularly moves from place to place, usually in search of work.
procession of performers and entertainers.
rule or standard.
to identify or acknowledge.
situation of people refusing to work in order to call attention to their working conditions.
instrument used to help in the performance of a task.
union Noun organization of workers formed to protect the rights and interests of its members. wage Noun
money or goods traded for work or service performed.
working class Noun
social class of workers, usually performing manual labor.