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On March 3, 1913, thousands of people marched along Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., to support woman suffrage in the United States. One day ahead of the inauguration of President Woodrow Wilson, the march put pressure on Wilson and the Democratic Party to extend the vote to all women.
 
Organized by civil rights activist Alice Paul, the march encountered internal and external conflict. The most pressing conflict among the marchers themselves was how to include African American women. Some white supporters did not want to march with African Americans, and the plan ultimately placed African American marchers behind all white women and male supporters. African American marchers, including civil rights activist Ida B. Wells, broke ranks and instead marched with their state contingent
 
The thousands of marchers were met with violent opposition on their march from the Capitol to the Treasury Building. More than a hundred people were hospitalized, and many accused the police of allowing confrontation to continue. A Congressional investigation into the conflict resulted in the resignation of Washington, D.C.’s police chief.
 
The march brought tremendous attention to the suffrage movement, although journalist Nelly Bly, who marched in the parade, said it would take until 1920 for women to be granted full suffrage. She was right—it took another seven years for Americans to recognize women’s right to vote.
Capitol
Noun

official building used by the U.S. Congress in Washington, D.C.

civil rights
Plural Noun

set of fundamental freedoms guaranteed to all individuals, such as participation in the political system, ability to own property, and due process and equal protection under the law.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

confront
Verb

to address a problem or person directly.

contingent
Noun

small, designated part of a larger group.

extend
Verb

to enlarge or continue.

inauguration
Noun

ceremony that officially marks the beginning of a leader's term in office.

opposition
Noun

group opposing, criticizing, or protesting another, usually larger or more well-known, group.

police
Noun

local, state, or national government organization for law enforcement.

recognize
Verb

to identify or acknowledge.

resignation
Noun

formal act or statement giving up a title or position.

tremendous
Adjective

very large or important.

ultimate
Adjective

final or maximum.

violent
Noun

strong, destructive force.

woman suffrage
Noun

right of women to vote.