On March 27, 1964, a 9.2-magnitude earthquake struck south-central Alaska. The quake fell on Good Friday (the Friday before Easter Sunday), and was named after the religious holiday.The Good Friday earthquake was a megathrust quake. Megathrust earthquakes occur in subduction zones, where one tectonic plate violently slides beneath another. Off the coast of Alaska, the Pacific plate jolted beneath the North American plate.The Alaskan coast was largely unprepared for the Good Friday earthquake. Houses, schools, and other buildings collapsed. Water and sewage pipelines were destroyed. Landslides wrecked electrical and gas lines. The quake resulted in several tsunamis, which caused damage as far away as California, Hawaii, and even Japan. More than 125 people died.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry abandoned Adjective
edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: coast collapse Verb
to fall apart completely.
harm that reduces usefulness or value.
to ruin or make useless.
the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity.
ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.
body of land surrounded by water.
Encyclopedic Entry: island jolt Verb
to roughly and suddenly shake something.
the fall of rocks, soil, and other materials from a mountain, hill, or slope.
Encyclopedic Entry: landslide megathrust earthquake Noun
earthquake that occurs in subduction zones (convergent boundaries), where one tectonic plate slides beneath another.
constant or lasting forever.
series of pipes used to transport liquids or gases over long distances.
part of a plant that secures it in the soil, obtains water and nutrients, and often stores food made by leaves.
liquid and solid waste material from homes and businesses.
subduction zone Noun
area where one tectonic plate slides under another.
tectonic plate Noun
massive slab of solid rock made up of Earth's lithosphere (crust and upper mantle). Also called lithospheric plate.
ocean waves triggered by an earthquake, volcano, or other movement of the ocean floor.