Audience:On March 26, 1979, leaders from Egypt and Israel ended more than 30 years of hostilities with a landmark peace treaty signed in Washington, D.C. The treaty was largely attributed to the so-called “Camp David Accords” of a year earlier, named after the presidential retreat in Camp David, Maryland, where President Jimmy Carter negotiated the accords with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.The treaty ended Israeli occupation of the Sinai Peninsula. This included withdrawal of both military and civilian personnel, as well as an end to the economic occupation of oil fields in the Sinai. The treaty also established an outline for increased autonomy for Palestinians in Israel’s West Bank and Gaza Strip regions—today’s Palestinian Territories.Sadat endured massive opposition from the Arab world. Many leaders interpreted the treaty as an indication that Egypt would no longer support Palestinian independence or Syrian and Jordanian opposition to the Israeli presence in the Middle East. In 1981, Sadat was assassinated by extremists in the Egyptian military who opposed the treaty.Both Sadat and Begin praised Carter’s tireless work on the treaty. Begin ended his address with hope for the future, using the Hebrew and Arabic words for peace: “No more war, no more bloodshed, no more bereavement, peace unto you, shalom, saalam, forever.”
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry accord Noun
agreement, usually a settlement of a dispute.
people and culture native to the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and Western Asia.
to murder someone of political importance.
to think to be caused by.
grief, or a period of intense mourning.
person who is not in the military.
having to do with money.
to form or officially organize.
person who supports radical (extreme) political or social positions.
state or situation of being free.
hint or signal.
to explain or understand the meaning of something.
very large or heavy.
to discuss with others of different viewpoints in order to reach an agreement, contract, or treaty.
oil field Noun
region with a large number of oil wells or other extractive technologies.
group opposing, criticizing, or protesting another, usually larger or more well-known, group.
employees or all people working toward a common goal.
official agreement between groups of people.