On March 21, 2012, the United Nations proclaimed the date as the International Day of Forests. According to the UN, “[f]orests and trees sustain and protect us, providing clean air and water, safeguarding biodiversity and acting as a buffer against climate change. For many people, they also offer food, shelter and employment.”Forests—rain forests, cloud forests, boreal forests, and more—are threatened by deforestation. Deforestation is the removal of trees from a region, usually for agricultural, housing or, business development. More than 5.2 million hectares of forests are lost to deforestation every year. As more than 1.6 billion people rely on forests for their livelihood, and more than $1 billion in medicinal plants are found in forests, deforestation is an economic and health concern, not just an environmental one.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Arctic Noun
region at Earth's extreme north, encompassed by the Arctic Circle.
Encyclopedic Entry: Arctic biodiversity Noun
all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.
Encyclopedic Entry: biodiversity boreal forest Noun
land covered by evergreen trees in cool, northern latitudes. Also called taiga.
broadleaf forest Noun
land covered by trees with wide, flat leaves.
a cushion or shield.
all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time.
Encyclopedic Entry: climate climate change Noun
gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet.
Encyclopedic Entry: climate change cloud Noun
visible mass of tiny water droplets or ice crystals in Earth's atmosphere.
Encyclopedic Entry: cloud cloud forest Noun
wooded area, usually high-altitude, almost always covered by clouds and fog.
coniferous forest Noun
land covered by trees with thin needles instead of flat leaves.
destruction or removal of forests and their undergrowth.
construction or preparation of land for housing, industry, or agriculture.
having to do with money.
job or work.
to inspire or support a person or idea.
to become actively involved with something.
imaginary line around the Earth, another planet, or star running east-west, 0 degrees latitude.
Encyclopedic Entry: equator fog Noun
clouds at ground level.
Encyclopedic Entry: fog food Noun
material, usually of plant or animal origin, that living organisms use to obtain nutrients.
Encyclopedic Entry: food forest Noun
ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.
management, cultivation, and harvesting of trees and other vegetation in forests.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
strong or able to withstand severe weather.
air containing a large amount of water vapor.
landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other.
to announce publicly.
rain forest Noun
area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall.
Encyclopedic Entry: Rain forest Scandinavia Noun
region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark.
structure that protects people or other organisms from weather and other dangers.
to enclose or encircle.
evergreen forest in cool, northern latitudes. Also called boreal forest.
Encyclopedic Entry: taiga temperature Noun
degree of hotness or coldness measured by a thermometer with a numerical scale.
Encyclopedic Entry: temperature United Nations Noun
international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation.