On March 19, 1821, Richard Francis Burton was born in Torquay, Devon, England. Burton would become one of the most celebrated and influential explorers of the 19th century.Burton loved to learn. He spoke as many as 40 languages, many fluent enough to pass as a native. He studied everything from fencing to falconry. He translated famous books, such as One Thousand and One Nights (popularly called “1,001 Arabian Nights”), as well as wrote his own popular books on travel and foreign cultures. Burton was one of the first Europeans to navigate what is now Tanzania and Kenya, and the very first European to visit Lake Tanganyika. He served the British government as a diplomat in India, Brazil, West Africa, Syria, and Austria-Hungary.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry accomplishment Noun
unique achievement, or something done well.
learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.
person who negotiates important political and economic agreements, usually for a government.
person who studies unknown areas.
sport and training of falcons or other raptors (such as hawks) to hunt.
individual or team sport where athletes practice attack and defense with bladed weapons (swords) to score points on an opponent's body.
able to speak, write, and understand a language.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
spiritually blessed or sacred.
important; having the ability to lead the opinions or attitudes of others.
having to do with Islam, the religion based on the words and philosophy of the prophet Mohammed.
to plan and direct the course of a journey.
person who travels to a place for a religious or spiritual reason.
Swahili noun, adjective
a language of eastern Africa.
to turn written or spoken text into a different language.