On March 15, 44 BCE, Julius Caesar was stabbed to death in Rome, Italy. Caesar was the dictator of the Roman Republic, and his assassins were Roman senators, fellow politicians who helped shape Roman policy and government.Julius Caesar was immensely popular with the people of Rome. He was a successful military leader who expanded the republic to include parts of what are now Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, and Belgium. Caesar was also a popular author who wrote about his travels, theories, and political views.Many members of the Senate, a group of appointed (not elected) political leaders, resented Caesar’s popularity and increasing power. Calling themselves the “Liberators,” this group invited Caesar to a sporting event, where about 40 of them stabbed him to death.The death of Julius Caesar ultimately had the opposite impact of what the Liberators hoped. The majority of the Roman public hated the senators for the assassination, and a long series of civil wars ensued. In the end, Caesar’s nephew Octavian emerged as Rome’s leader. He re-named himself Caesar Augustus. This was the end of the Roman Republic and the start of the Roman Empire.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry appoint Verb
to assign to a position.
a murderer, especially one who kills a political leader.
civil war Noun
conflict between groups in the same country or nation.
person with complete control of a government.
to develop or come into view.
group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.
to follow or come after.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
Julius Caesar Noun
(100 BCE-44 BCE) leader of ancient Rome.
set of actions or rules.
person who serves as a representative of the citizens of a geographic area to the local, state, or national government.
people of a community.
system of government where power rests in citizens who vote and representatives who stand for those citizens. The United States is a republic.